## How to Calculate Roving Hank and Its CV%

How to Calculate Roving Hank and Its CV%
Abeed Hasan
Dept. of Textile Engineering,
Khulna University of Engineering & Technology
Email: 1521033abeed@gmail.com

Introduction:
A roving is a long and narrow bundle of fiber. Rovings are produced during the process of making spun yarn from wool fleece, raw cotton, or other fibers. Their main use is as fiber prepared for spinning, but they may also be used for specialized kinds of knitting or other textile arts. Roving count is determined as number of hanks of 840 yards present in 1 lb.

Sliver Hank = Length of hanks of 840 yards / weight in 1 lbs

The coefficient of variation is reported as a percentage and calculated from the average and standard deviation as follows:

Standard Deviation×100
---------------------------------------
Average

Objectives of this study:
1. To determine the hank of Sliver.
2. To determine the hank of Roving.
3. To know the sliver and Roving sample thickness.
4. To determine the relation between count and weight of Sliver and Roving.
Theory:
At first, we have to determine the count of Sliver and Roving is compounded between beam and wrap block. Generally the beam has 1 lb length of Sliver or Roving. So that the revolution to beam will pass 1 yards of Sliver or Roving.

Machine description:

There is a block Roller of the Front side of the m/c. The top side the tension is arranged .There is a count meter behind the machine. The Sliver or Roving is passed between block roller and tension roller.

Required apparatus:

1. Wrap block
2. Electric balance
3. Sliver or Roving
Experimental procedure:
At first we fixed the count zero. Then the sliver is passed through the block roller. Take yards of sliver and weight it and then determine the sliver hank. Let’s take 5 times for average hank. We also measure the standard deviation and co-efficient of variable. Similarly measure roving hank length 6 yards also determine CV%.

Experimental Data:

Table-1: Measurement of Roving Hank

Table-2: Measurement of Roving CV%
Results:
For roving the count of cotton Roving 0.79645 and CV% is 1.87.

Discussion:
In this Experiment, we should be careful about setting the sliver and roving between the guide and rubbing guide of wrap block. We should also be precaution about operating the wrap block (clockwise). The weight of sliver and roving should be taken very carefully by electric balance. Finally the roving hank and CV% should be calculated.

Conclusion:
In this experiment, the Roving Hank and CV% has been calculated. It will be very helpful in our future industrial life.
Sharing Knowledge: Students, teachers and professionals can publish your article here. It is a platform to express your knowledge throughout the world. For details: Submit Article

### Editor-in-Chief:

Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.