Difference Between Hand Loom and Power Loom

A loom is a device for weaving threads for getting cloth. This machine produces fabric byinterlacing a series of lengthwise, parallel yarns width a series of widthwise parallel yarns. The development of this machine made cloth much more affordable and available to a greater number of people. It is only used for weaving.

Hand Loom:
A hand loom is a simple machine used for weaving. In a wooden vertical-shaft looms, the heddles are fixed in place in the shaft. This loom is powered by hand. The warp threads pass alternately through a heddle, and through a space between the heddles (the shed), so that raising the shaft raises half the threads (those passing through the heddles), and lowering the shaft lowers the same threads—the threads passing through the spaces between the heddles remain in place.
Hand Loom
Power Loom:
A power loom is a type of loom that is powered mechanically instead of using human power to weave patterns or thread into cloth. The power loom is an invention that combined threads to make cloth. Power looms were assembled in the weaving shed of a mill and driven by a steam engine by belts from overhead shafting. Power looms were a major advance over the hand looms used before.
Power loom
Difference between hand loom & power loom:
Hand loom
Power loom
Manual operating system
Operated by electric power
Shedding is done by pedal and picking and beating is done by manual
Shedding picking and beating is done automatically
Less production
High production
Slow running speed
High running speed
Initial investment is low
Initial investment is high
Less number of design verity Can be produced
More number of design verity is possible
Check and stripe fabrics are produced
Normally one color fabric is produced.
Sharing Knowledge: Students, teachers and professionals can publish your article here. It is a platform to express your knowledge throughout the world. For details: Submit Article


Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

Let's Get Connected: LinkedIn | Facebook | Email: textilelearners@gmail.com

Back To Top