Quality Control in Garment Manufacturing Process

Quality is a relative term. It means customer needs is to be satisfied. Quality is of prime importance in any aspect of business. Customers demand and expect value for money. As producers of apparel there must be a constant endeavor to produce work of good quality. In previous article, I discuss about quality control system in garment industry. Now I will give a short description of Quality Control in Garment Manufacturing Process.
Quality inspection and control in RMG industry
 The various Steps of Garments manufacturing where in-process inspection and quality control are done are mentioned below-
  1. In Sample making section
  2. In- Marker making section
  3. Inspection in fabric spreading section
  4. Inspection in fabric cutting section
  5. Inspection in fabric sewn section
  6. Inspection in pressing & Finishing section
Quality Control in Sample Section:
  • Maintaining buyer Specification standard
  • Checking the sample and its different issues
  • Measurements checking
  • Fabric color, gsm, Fastness etc properties required checking
  • Spi and other parameter checking
Quality Control in Marker Making:
  • To check notch or drill mark
  • Fabric width must be higher than marker width
  • Fabric length must be higher than marker length
  • Matching of green line
  • Check pattern size and dimension
  • Matching of check and stripe taking into consideration
  • Considering garments production plan
  • Cutting table length consideration
  • Pattern direction consideration
Quality Control in Fabric Spreading:
  • Fabric spreading according to correct alignment with marker length and width
  • Maintain requirements of spreading
  • Matching of check and stripe
  • Lay contains correct number of fabric ply
  • Correct Ply direction
  • To control the fabric splicing
  • Tension control
Quality Control in Fabric Cutting:
  • The dimension of the pattern and the cut piece should be same and accurate
  • Cut edge should be smooth and clean
  • Notch should be cut finely
  • Drill hole should made at proper place
  • No yarn fraying should occur at cut edge
  • Avoid blade deflection
  • Maintain cutting angle
  • More skilled operator using
Quality Control in Sewing Section:
  • Input material checking
  • Cut panel and accessories checking
  • Machine is in well condition
  • Thread count check
  • Special work like embroidery, printing panel check
  • Needle size checking
  • Stitching fault should be checked
  • Garments measurement check
  • Seam fault check
  • Size mistake check
  • Mismatching matching of trimming
  • Shade variation within the cloth
  • Wrong placement of interlining
  • Creased or wrinkle appearance control
Quality Control in Finishing Section:
  • Proper inspection of the garments including measurement, spot, dirt, impurities
  • Water spot
  • Shading variation check
  • Smooth and unfold in pocket
  • In secured or broken chain or button
  • Wrong fold
  • Proper shape in garments
  • Properly dried in after pressing
  • Wanted wrinkle or fold in lining
  • Get up checking
  • Collar closing
  • Side seam
  • Sleeve placket attach
  • Cuff attach
  • Bottom hem
  • Back yoke
  • Every parts of a body
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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