Microfibres | Characteristics/Properties of Microfibers | Application of Microfibers

Microfiber refers to synthetic fibers finer than one or 1.3 denier or decitex/thread. By comparison, microfiber is 1/100th the diameter of a human hair and 1/20th the diameter of a strand of silk. The most common types of microfibers are made from polyesters, polyamides or a conjugation of polyester, polyamide, and polypropylene (Prolen). A number of leading fashion designers and design firms are already using microfiber products in their collections: Liz Claiborne, Evan Picone, Nautica, J.H. Collectibles, Eddie Bauer, Russ Togs, Donna Karan, Norma Kamali, Ralph Lauren, and Rebecca Moses to name just a few.
Characteristics/Properties of Microfiber:
Microfibers are made solely from man-made fibres. They are the finest of all the fibers. Sportswear from microfibres functions particularly well. It is breathable and at the same time provides reliable protection against wind and rain. Fashionable apparels in microfibres have graceful flow, silk-like feel and are extremely comfortable. Microfiber clothing is not sensitive, retaining its positive qualities after washing or cleaning.

Some of the outstanding characteristics of microfibers include the following:
  1. Exceptional strength, although the filaments are super fine
  2. Improved breathability
  3. Vivid prints with more clarity and sharper contrast
  4. Comfort of natural fibers
  5. Durability
  6. Ease of care
  7. Appearance retention
  8. Can be made windproof and water resistant
  9. Excellent drape (designers love the excellent drape of microfiber polyester)
  10. Lighter weight
The greater fiber surface area also results in higher rates of dyeing at lower temperatures, and decreased fastness to light, crocking (fastness to rubbing), water and ozone.

Application of Microfiber:
Microfiber is a fairly new technology, with many applications in many industries. Cleaning with microfiber products is fast, easy and environmentally friendly. With microfiber products you can eliminate or drastically reduce the need to use chemicals. Microfiber cleaning fabrics are sometimes described as having a magnetic attraction to dirt and dust. Microfiber products are extremely soft and do not scratch, but at the same time they are effective for all cleaning applications.

Microfiber is widely used in case of
  1. Apparel
  2. Clothing
  3. Accessories
  4. Textiles for cleaning
  5. Rags
  6. Insulation
  7. Basketballs and
  8. Environmental issues
Microfiber is also used to make mats, knits, and weaves for apparel, upholstery, industrial filters, and cleaning products.. The shape, size, and combinations of synthetic fibers are selected for specific characteristics, including softness, toughness, absorption, water repellency, electrodynamics, and filtering capabilities.

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant, entrepreneur, blogger and researcher on online business promotion. He is working as a consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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