Plain Weave | Characteristics of Plain Weave | Principle of Plain Weave

The plain weave is variously known as “calico” or “tabby” weave. It is the simplest of all weaves having a repeat size of 2. It consists of interlacing warp and weft yarns in a pattern of over one and under one. Plain weave is obtained by raising all even-numbered warp ends at one pick and raising all the odd numbered ones at the other pick. It means threads interlacing in alternate order.The range of application of this weave is wide.

Plain weave is used for structures, which range from very heavy and coarse canvas and blankets made of thick yarns to the lightest and finest cambries and muslins made in extremely fine yarns.
Plain weave
Characteristics of Plain Weave
The plain weave has the following characteristics :

  1. It has the maximum number of binding points
  2. The threads interlace on alternate order of 1 up and 1 down.
  3. The thread density is limited
  4. Cloth thickness and mass per unit area are limited. 
  5. It produces a relatively stronger fabric that is obtained by any other simple combination of threads, excepting that of “gauze”or “cross weaving”.
Principle of Plain Weave:
The principle involved in the construction of plain cloth is the interlacement of any two continuous threads either warp or weft in an exactly contrary manner to each other, with every thread in each series passing alternately under and over consecutive threads of other series interlaces uniformly throughout the fabric. By this plan of interlacement, every thread in each series interlaces with every thread in the other series to the maximum extent, thereby producing a comparatively firm and strong texture of cloth. A complete unit of the plain weave occupies only two warp threads and two picks of weft , which is the design for that weave?
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant, entrepreneur, blogger and researcher on online business promotion. He is working as a consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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