Working Process of Sample Section in Garments Industry

Working Process of Sample Section in Garments Industry
Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Sample is the prototype or model of the garment, upon what the buyer can decide on how and whether to confirm the order or not.

Sampling Process Flow Chart:
Sampling Process Flow Chart

Brief Description of the Sampling Processes

1. Tech Pack Receiving: This is the first stage of the sampling processes. In this stage Tech Pack or the Technical pack is received from the buyer, via merchandiser. Tech pack contains all the specifications to produce a garment.

2. CAD & Pattern Making: In this stage pattern is made through CAD. Sometimes pattern is made manually, but CAD is more popular and easy, Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer Technology for the design of objects, real or virtual. The design of geometric models for object shapes, in particular, is often called computer-aided geometric design (CAGD).However CAD often involves more than just shapes. As in the manual drafting of Technical and engineering drawings, the output of CAD often must convey also symbolic information such as materials, processes, dimensions, and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions. CAD may be used to design curves and figures in two-dimensional ("21") space; or curves, surfaces, or solids in three-dimensional ("3D") objects. Viyellatex pattern section uses Optitex CAD software for pattern making.
Garments sample development section
Garments sample development section
3. Sample Making: Sample making is the ultimate goal of this department. After making the pattern, the sample is made by using the pattern set.

4. Size Setting: After making the sample, size is set according to the Tech Pack. If there is any fault, the sample is redone.

5. Pre Production (PP) Meeting: After the buyer has inspected the sample, a preproduction meeting is called. In this meeting buyer or his agent, merchandiser, sample manager, all remain present. They decide on how to and when to start the production. If the decision Okayed, the sample is ready to go for final production.

6. Grading of Sample: After finalizing the sample. Grading is done. There may be several grades of a single design. The grading is done to separate the samples and patterns from each others

7. Marker: After grading the samples. The design is inputted into the marker software. This software specifies how to set the pattern in the actual fabric. By using the marker software efficiently, fabric can be saved. Viyellatex uses Gerber Garment Technology (GGT) for marker making.

8. Cutting: After making the marker the pattern is delivered to the cutting unit and the fabric is cut for final production.

Sample Procedure:

There are some standard sample procedures after pattern making, they are as follows: Sourcing the Fabric and Accessories for making the Garment

Cutting (For Sample Only)




Quality Control

Precheck Form

Buyer QC

Forwarding from the Merchandiser

Sending Sample to the Buyer

Types of sample & their uses:
Serial no.
Proto/ Development Sample
To convert the pattern into actual garment.
Size set/ Grade/ Fitting Sample
To fit the styling of the garment.
Additional Sample (White Only) Magazine. Photo shot)  garment on the rack.
All these Samples are made to show the garment of the rack
Contract Seal/ Seal Sample
To gain approval before the bulk Production.
Pre Production (PP) sample
To gain approval before the bulk Production.
Production Sample
To gain approval for shipping the garment._
Sales Man Sample (SMS)
To gain approval for bulk production
Rack Sample
To show the garment on the rack.
Sampling Stages of Different Buyers:

Marks & Spencer

Buying/ Development Sample

Fit Sample (To fit on the best size)

Grading Sample

Contract Seal

Go for Production

Rack Sample 


Proto/development sample

Salesman Sample (SMS)

Sealer sample


Price tips sample

Pre proto sample

Proto sample

PLM sample (before SMS)

SLM (or SMS)

Size set

Seal Sample 
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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