Basic Procedure of Production Planning and Control in Textile Industry

Basic Procedure of Production Planning and Control in Textile Industry
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Apparel Manufacturing
Asst. Merchandiser at A.M.C.S Textile Ltd

Production Planning and Control:
A planned work brings success. Without planning nothing is completed within the required time. So planning has its own importance which is intolerable. "Planning" gives a scheduled task and 'control' completes it successfully. But production planning and control is not an easy task. Basic working procedure of production planning and control is given as follows –
  1. Taking orders from marketing division.
  2. Analyzing the orders.
  3. Planning for knitting the fabric.
  4. Planning for dyeing the fabric.
  5. Planning for finishing the fabric. 
Cycle of production planning
Cycle of production planning
It is only a basic procedure. It may change according to the type of order. Sometimes, order is places only for finishing the material or only for dyeing the white goods. Then some steps are omitted for planning procedure.

1. Taking orders from marketing division:
Marking division supplies fabric orders to the planning and control division by a special format.

2. Analyzing the orders:

This section analyzes the orders according to buyers, Order Quantity, type of orders (i.e. type of fabric, color to be dyed etc.), delivery date etc. Then it selects which M/C. to use, no of M/C. to use, time required for production etc. This section plans for required quantity of fabric to be knitted (Order quantity + 12% of Order Quantity), knitting balance, fabric need to be dyed. Dyeing balance, RFD (Ready for delivery), RFD balance, delivered fabric and delivery balance.

3. Planning for knitting:
This section plans for knitting production. It selects machine for knit the fabric for specific type of fabric, type of yarn used, required GSM, width etc. It also gives delivery data for knitted fabric. It also places orders for buying of yarn from spinning mills by a specific schedule.

4. Planning for dyeing the fabric:

Production planning for dyeing is called 'Batch Plan’. According to the batch no. And color, width, style and construction the batch plan is made. For easy understand this section gives some 'T.' cards. 'T' cards are serialized according to the priority of delivery. The batches and 'T' cards also serialized as to dye light shade at first and lastly the dark shades, since faulty shades can be converted to dark color later.

5. Planning for finishing the fabric
Finishing schedule is same us the dyeing. After dyeing the material goes to the finishing section with the batch plan. Finished data is written to the batch card and is informed to the planning section.

However, this section always enforces to all the departments to finish all the works within the delivery time given by the buyers. This section delivers materials by truck, micro, air etc to the customer within the meantime. Thus it plays a very important role in the success of the company.
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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