Determination of Strength of HCl

Determination of Strength of HCl
Rofiquzzaman Raju
Chittagong Textile Engineering College
Contact: 01714419781

Determination of chemical strength of HCl is important for textile industry. It he strength of HCl is not proper then the every process on textile is not proper. Titration is the best method for determination of strength of HCl. In this method 0.1 N NaOH is used for titration.
Strength test of HCl
Strength test of HCl
  • To know about how determined the strength of HCl.
  • To know about the titration process.
  • To know about the solution making.
  • To know about the end point of this testing.
  • Beaker
  • Pipette
  • Stirrer
  • Graduate cylinder
  • Electronic balance
  • Burette
  • HCl
  • 0.1 N NaOH
  • And Indicator ( Phenolphthalein)
4 ml HCl is taken

Then it is diluted with 500 ml water

From that solution 25 ml is taken

After that 2-3 drops of indicator is added

Then it is taken in Conical flask. Then this sample solution is treated with 0.1 N NaOH

End Point: The end point is determined when the permanent pink color solution stay.

Calculation for Result

Molecular equivalent weight of HCl = 36.5 gm
So, 1000 ml Molecular equivalent weight is 36.5
1 ml molecular equivalent weight is = 36.5/1000 = 0.0365 gm

In 500 ml water the amount of sample is 4 ml
So, 25 ml of water the amount of sample is = ( 4 X 25)/500 = 0.20

Normality of NaOH is 0.1 N
And volume used of KMnO4 is 24.5 & 25.6

Results and discussion

Required Amount of NaOH
Strength of HCl %
24.5 & 24.6
44.712 & 44.895
23.7 & 22.3
43.252 & 40.697
24 &  23.2
43.8 & 42.34
23.8 &  24.1
43.435 & 43.982
23.7 & 23.5
43.252 & 42.887
From above results, we can say that the strength of HCl of different persons results have been obtained near to 43.5% and my results is 44.712 & 44.895 . we have done experiment manually so something can be inaccurate measurement of pipette or burette reading. And at last, we can say that the strength of HCl is 44 %.

At last we can say that, how to determine the strength of HCl, is known by this experiment. Knowledge is gained from this experiment which is very helpful in our practical life.

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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