Interview Questions and Answers for Garments Job (Part-2)
Mazedul Hasan Shishir
Production Officer at Intramax Group
I published 1st part of Interview Questions and Answers for Garments Job. I have got lots of response from visitor. For their request I am publishing 2nd part of Interview Questions and Answers for Garments Job. I think it will be more effective for candidates viva preparation.
102. What is the name of first garments industry in Bangladesh?
Ans. REAZ garments.
103. What do you mean by garments final inspection?
Ans. Garments final inspection is to take decision whether the lot will be passed for shipment or it will be rejected.
104. What are the different types of sampling inspection of garments?
- Without inspection,
- 100% inspection,
- Spot inspection,
- Arbitary inspection,
- Acceptance inspection.
- Collar section,
- Cuff section,
- Body section.
Ans. PD= Plain dyed, WR= Water repellent, WP= Water proof, TC= Tetron & cotton, SD= solid dyed, YD= Yarn dyed.
107. What is pattern?
Ans. The pieces of thick paper are required in the form necessary to make or style of garments is called pattern.
108. What do you mean by marking?
Ans. Drawing as patterns on the as per style.
109. What is consumption?
Ans. Needed quantity of cloth as per dz according to marker.
110. What do you mean by assortment?
Ans. To determine the quantity of garments according to size and colour.
111. What types of style of collar?
- One piece (Banded) collar,
- Two piece (banded) collar,
- Sport open (no bended) collar.
Ans. Four types —
- Squared, Rounded,
Ans. Two types—
- One piece cuff (The cuff which includes both front & back in one piece of cloth),
- Two piece cuff (two piece of cloth).
Ans. (I) Plain, (II) Top center, (III) French front.
115. How many types of sleeve?
Ans. (I) Long genbol, (II)Sleeve placket, (III) Hemmed sleeve.
116. How many types of yoke ?
- One piece plain yoke (yoke and back are one piece of cloth),
- Two piece single yoke (yoke is separated from the back but yoke is one piece)
- Two piece double yoke (yoke is separated from the back but yoke are two piece of yokes)
Ans. (I) plain, (II) Hexagon, (III) Rounded, (IV) squared, (V) Hemmed.
118. How many types of bottom style of a shirt?
Ans. (I) Straight bottom, (II) Tailed bottom.
119. What are the styles or types of packing and folding of shirt?
- Stand up (collar is folded to remain at 90° angle from the floor level)
- Semi stand up (collar is folded to remain at 45° angle from the floor level)
- Flat pack (collar is laid to the floor level at 0° angle)
- Hanger pack (collar is folded for a hanger).
Ans. (I) Basic/regular, (II) Casual/Irregular, (III) Sport shirt, (IV) Blouse
121. What do you mean by numbering in garments?
Ans. This process is to put a number on the each part of a garment after cutting. So that the same numbers of each part might be combined at the time of sewing.
122. What is sorting?
Ans. This process is to sort by size and color after cutting.
123. Write down the attention point when marking
- Jumping & bias should not occur
- Position marking
- Must fit the end of the net (one side) line
- Must check the quantity whether all the parts are marked as directed.
Ans. For interlining cutting
125. What is inlay/sewing allowance?
Ans. The fabric which is kept excess of the seam line at the time of sewing is called inlay/sewing allowance.
126. Inlay is sewing allowance but sewing allowance is not inlay? (Yes/No)
127. What do you mean by Gusset (Front facing)?
Ans. The part which is folded into the inside of the front. This is two types—
127. What do you mean by Gusset (Front facing)?
Ans. The part which is folded into the inside of the front. This is two types—
- Upper front gusset,
- Lower front gusset.
Ans. The part which is folded into the inside during sewing.
129. What is back stitching?
Ans. It is stitching to back after finishing the stitch length; it is normally 3-5 stitches.
130. What is error part?
Ans. When left and right are attached being interchanged with each other or both right or left are attached in case of cuffs and sleeves is called error part.
131. Stitching and sewing, which is visible and invisible?
Ans. The stitching which has two lines keeping constant distance is called double stitching.
133. What do you know about slip out?
Ans. When the interlocking stitching stitches do not lock with each other along the sewing line then it is called slip out.
134. What do you mean by floating?
Ans. Few stitches, which are not passed through the cloth of proper interval during sewing is known as floating.
135. Write down the classification of assortment/packing?
- Solid size, solid color,
- Solid size, assort color, Assort size, solid color,
- Assort size, assort color.
Ans. Basic shirt/regular shirt/Dress shirt.
137. What do you mean by casual/irregular shirt?
Ans. Various types of style.
138. What do you mean by sport shirt?
Ans. The shirt which is sporty and needs no neck tie.
139. What are the function of clothing?
Ans. 1. Protection 2. Decoration 3. Identification
140. What is the requirement of clothing?
Ans. 1. Suitability, 2. Appearance, 3. Comfort, 4. Aftercare , 5. stability
141. How can we difference between a ladies shirt and a Gents shirt?
Ans. Buttons are on the opposite side to that of gents shirt,
- Ladies shirt: Upper front part is right side.
- Gents shirt: Upper front part is left side.
- Ladies pant: Fly piece is right side.
- Gents pant: fly piece is left side.
Ans. E-textile also known as electronic textiles are fabrics that enable computing, digital components and electronics to be embedded in them. The emphasis of e-textile will be on creating a women textile with embedded copper which will provide the usual wear comfort and at the same time it will have a circuit with a few chips sunning at few megahertz.
Example: In the field of medical prevention and rehabilitation it becomes highly necessary to continuously monitor the patient’s health condition by keeping sensing devices close to the body and e-textile can successfully accomplish senior functionality.
143. What is the reason for clothing?
- Protection against adverse climate conditions
- Aristocratic reason
- Men-(i). Short- 5’ 3” to 5’ 7” (ii). Regular- 5’8” to 6’ (iii). Tall- above 6’
- Women-(i). Short 4’11” to 5’3” (ii). 5’4” to 5’7” (iii). Tall above 5’7”
Ans. When necessary allowances are added to the working patterns, then they are called production pattern.
146.What is Working pattern?
Ans. The patterns which are made with net dimension of a particular style called working patterns.
147. What methods are used to make Block patterns?
Ans. i. Flat method ii. Modeling method
148. What are the methods of pattern grading?
Ans. (i).Manual grading, (ii). Computer aided grading.
149. What is half part grading?
Ans. If the increasing or decreasing is done in every sides of a pattern, then it is called half part grading.
150. What is ¼th part grading?
Ans. If the increasing or decreasing is done in either lengthwise or widthwise or in any two sides of a pattern then it is called ¼th part grading.
151. What is C.B.L (Center back line)?
Ans. Middle point of back neck up to the bottom end in the back part of a shirt.
152. What is C.F.L (Center front line)?
Ans. Line from the top button to the bottom end in the face side of a shirt.
153. What is collar stand or collar band?
Ans. It’s the part of a collar in which collar stands in upward direction. Collar stands in upward direction.
154. What is cuff?
Ans. It is the end point of sleeve of a shirt laying around the wrist.
155. What is Ticket number?
Ans. It indicates the coarseness or fineness of a sewing thread. e.g. 3/60, 2/80 etc.
156. What is Hemming?
Ans. The process of sewing of an edge or border on a piece of cloth, especially a finished edge, as for a garment or curtain, made by folding an edge under and stitching it down. e.g. Bottom edge of a shirt.
157. What is lead-time?
Ans. The time interval between the initiation and the completion of a production process.
158. How design can be developed?
- Sketching (Two dimension method): Usually developed on paper
- Modeling (Three dimension method): Usually developed dummy or live model
- Computer aided design (CAD): Usually developed using design related software.
- Refers as casual
- Garments with narrow neckline,
- Garments with short or long sleeves,
- No collar/Cuff, and
- Usually made of cotton.
- Used to cover the upper body part (Tops),
- Garments with short/long sleeves,
- Garments with collar and cuffs,
- Short button placket or short chest opening, and
- Made of either 100% cotton or CVC or PC.
- It is a sleeveless pull over,
- It is used over a shirt,
- Used as warm shirt,
- Garments with waist band, and
- It is put on over head.
- Used as warm shirts,
- Garments with long sleeves,
- Garments with waist band, and
- Put on over head.
- Open front and fastened with a zipper or button,
- Garments with waist band,
- Used as warm shirts, and
- Usually made of wool/acrylic.
- Upper-body garment with a collar, cuffs and pocket,
- A full vertical opening and fastened with buttons,
- With short or long sleeves, and
- Men’s shirt having lower front part at right hand side and for women it is exactly opposite.
- Auto motorcycle racing wear
- Bike wear
- Golf apparel
- Ski wear (winter garments)
- Sports jersey and track tops
- Sports shorts and trousers
- Swim wear and beach wear
- Training and jogging wear
- Garments design.
- Pattern design & pattern preparation.
- Pattern grading
- Marker making
- Fabric spreading.
- Cutting systems.
- Mover systems.
- Sewing systems.
Ans. Grading means the stepwise increase or decrease of a master pattern piece to create large or small size. Grading alters the overall size of a design but not it̕s general shape & appearance.
169. What is the main objective of marker?
- To minimize the fabric wastage
- To improve the quality of garments.
Ans. Woven shirt, T-shirt, trouser, jacket, jogging shuts, sweaters, jersey etc.
171. How much currency earn from garments sector in Bangladesh every year?
Ans. Above 75%.
172. What is quota?
Ans. Kind of agreement between the exporter country where importer country mention a specific number of garments.
173. When established garments industry in Bangladesh?
Ans. In 1960, ”REAZ” garments.
174. What is the basic difference between sewing and stitching?
- Sewing is Invisible
- Stitching is Visible
- Yarn = (i) Yarn is used for producing fabrics (Knit & Woven). (ii) Normally it is single ply.
- Thread = (i) Thread is used for garments sewing. (ii) It is normally two or three or four plies.
Ans. America use=Inch, Europe use=Centimeter (cm).
177. What are the sections of sewing used for making a shirt?
Ans. There are three sections-
- Collar section
- Cuff section
- Body section
Ans. 1. Yarn dyed, 2. Solid dyed, 3. Denim.
179. What is Line Balancing?
Ans. Line Balancing is the allocation of sewing machines according to style and design of garment. It depends on, what type of garments we have to produce.
180. What is Compliance?
Ans. Compliance means comply something’s that is yield to the wishes another. The main aim of compliance is to ensuring the all labour rights and facilities according to the Buyer code of conduct.
181. What are the different types of order?
- FOB (Free on boat) order
- FOA (Free on air) order
- C & F (Cost and freight) order
- CIF (Cost, insurance and freight) order
- CIFC (Cost, insurance, freight and commission) order
- CMT (Cutting, making and trimmings) order
- CM (Cost of making) order
- TT (Telephonic transfer) order
- Subcontract order
- Exchange order.
Ans. This is the export term of delivery and price quotation. The sellers send the goods for export and delivers them on boat (the ship). The risk is passed from seller to buyer when the goods are loaded in the ship at the port of departure. The buyer payes the freight charges. The seller does not include the freight charge with his costing.
183. What do you mean by FOA (Free on air) order?
Ans. The seller delivers the goods to the air carrier at the air port of departure. The buyer bears the risk from that moment and payes the air transport cost. The seller bears the cost of materials and making, does not include air freight.
184. What do you mean by C & F (Cost and freight) order?
Ans. The sellers send the goods for export, payes the freight charge and deliver them on boat (the ship). The risk is passes to the buyer when the goods are left the port of departure.
185. What do you mean by CIF (Cost, insurance and freight) order?
Ans. This is identical to the C&F term except that in addition, the seller ensures (pay the insurance bill) the goods against loss and damage at his own cost.
186. What do you mean by CIFC (Cost, insurance, freight and commission) order?
Ans. At this type of order, the seller includes the cost of insurance, freight and commission for local buying house.
187. What do you mean by CMT (Cutting, making and trimmings) order?
Ans. In this case, the buyer fixes the rate of CMT with the factory. So the seller does not add the price of fabric with his costing, but at L/C buyer gives all money to the factory. The factory collects only CMT money from the bank. Balance money return to the fabric supplier. This ordering system is following the tailoring shop.
188. What do you mean by CM (Cost of making) order?
Ans. In this case, the buyer fixes the rate of CM only with the factory. So the seller does not add the price of fabric and trimmings with his costing, but at L/C buyer gives all money to the factory. The factory collects only CM money from the bank. Balance money return to the fabric and accessories supplier.
189. What do you mean by TT (Telephonic transfer) order?
Ans. When order quantity is very small and need urgent delivery, in that case, buyer gives purchase contract instead of L/C and sends money to seller bank by TT. After getting money, the seller sends the goods to buyer.
190. What do you mean by Subcontract order?
Ans. It is indirect order, the order is received by another factory and when it is not possible for that factory to complete the production within the time, in that case they share the order with other factory by giving subcontract. The subcontract factory only gets the CM charge by local money from the order taker.
191. What do you mean by Exchange order?
Ans. In this case, the buyer did not pay any money against buying garments from Bangladesh. Instead of money, they are giving another goods or products, which is surplus in their country but we need it very much. This type of business is very rare. They use L/C for doing this type of business.
192. What do you mean by Proforma invoice?
Ans. Proforma invoice is temporary commercial invoice, which is send by exporter to importer. It helps to open a letter of credit (L/C) in favor of exporter by importer. It helps the foreign buyer to obtain an import license if it is necessary.
193. What do you mean by commercial invoice?
Ans. Commercial invoice is the final invoice and basic document. It contain all the details like name & address of importer and exporter, description of goods, quantity, rate, value of goods, details of shipment.
194. What do you mean by letter of credit (L/C)?
Ans. It is important document, which is used for doing the business, where Bank is responsible for payment in favor of sellers. It is a means/instrument for opening a credit (L/C) in favor of exporter by importer to make payment on fulfillment of conditions within given time.
195. What is Tag gun?
Ans. It is used for attaching the Hang tag, Price ticket etc.
196. What do you mean by Bill of Exchange?
Ans. A Bill of Exchange is a legal document and order in writing, requesting the drawee (Factory) to pay within the specified time. The drawer (supplier), drawee and payee (Bank) are involved in this transaction. The Bill of Exchange also known as draft, can be right draft or wsanee draft.
196. What do you mean by Bill of Landing?
Ans. Bill of Landing is a document issued by the shipping company acknowledging that the goods have been shipped on board and undertaking that the goods as received will be delivered to the consignee (Buyer).
When the export contract is CIF, then the exporter makes payment of the freight and gets “freight paid” Bill of Landing. On the other hand, if the contract is FOB, the freight has to be paid by the importer. In that case, the shipping company will issue a “freight collect” Bill of Landing.
197. What do you mean by Shipping Bill?
Ans. The shipping bill is the main documents required by the customs authority for allowing shipment. It contains description of export goods and other particulars as defined in The Sea Customs Act, name of the vessel in which goods are to be shipped, Country of Destination etc.
198. What do you mean by Shipping Order?
Ans. It is a document issued by the shipping line intimating the shipper (Exporter) about the reservation of space for shipment of cargo through a particular vessel from a specified port and on a specified date.
199. What do you mean by Vehicle Ticket/Cart Ticket?
Ans. It is a gate pass for port gate .it is prepared for admittance of cargo through the port gate. It contains details of cargo for export, the shipper name, cart, lorry number, gate number, marks on package, quantity and description.
200. What is pattern engineering?
Ans. It is the engineering idea which is applied at the time of marking for reducing the consumption of fabric. In this case consumption is reduced by overlapping the patterns or reducing the patterns or dividing the patterns into two parts like cuff, side pocket of pant etc.
201. What is Style?
Ans. A style is a type of product that has one or more specific feature or characteristics that distinguish it and make it different from other product of the same type. e.g. A crew neck is one style of neck line and a turtle neck is another style.
202. What is Design?
Ans. Within a specific style there can be many variations in trimmings, texture, decoration or other details like embroidery, screen printing etc. The individual interpretation or variations of the same styles are called design. One style can be many designs.
203. What is Fashion?
Ans. Fashion means consumer acceptance, the prevailing or accepted style in dress or personal decoration established or adopted during a particular time or season. The most widely recognize fashion authority, the late Dr. Paul-H-Nystrom (1928) define fashion is similar words as “Nothing more or less than the prevailing style at any given time”.
204. What do you mean by D/P (Document of payment)?
Ans. Under this method, the goods are shipped and documents are sent to the importer through the banking channel. The documents are handed over to the clearing (C&F) agent for clearing the goods from the port.
205. What do you mean by D/A (Documents in Acceptance)?
Ans. Under this method of payment terms, importer takes delivery of the documents on acceptance of a claim in the form of Bill of Exchange from the bank through whom documents are sent after goods are shipped. In this method there is risk of non-acceptance of bill and non-payment due to bankruptcy.
206. What are the processes for fixation of export prices?
Ans. There are three processes-
- FOB (Free on board)
- C & F (Cost & Freight) (FOB cost+ Freight = C & F ) and
- CIF (Cost, insurance & freight) (C&F cost + Insurance = CIF)
Ans. In the garments trade, consumption means quantity of raw materials with a view to determine the price of a garment. In order to calculate the above quantity how much fabric, sewing thread, button, label, zipper and other accessories are required to produce a garment up to the exporting is called consumption.
208. How many types of accessories?
Ans. Two types
- Visible accessories e.g. button, sewing thread etc
- Invisible accessories e.g. interlining
Ans. This is large group of thread/yarn made mainly from nylon, polyester, rayon and polyamide filaments or fibres.