Description of the Different Motions of Loom

Description of the Different Motions of the Loom

Muhaiminul Islam Ovi
Bangladesh University of Textiles
Facebook: Muhaiminul Islam Ovi

What is loom?

Loom is a very necessary part for weaving. Loom is a machine or device which is used for producing woven fabric. Loom are driven by two ways. These are manual system and automatic system.
Different Motion of the Loom
Different Motion of the Loom
Types of Loom Motion:
Loom has three types of motion:
  1. Primary motion 
  2. Secondary motion 
  3. Tertiary motion
Primary motion 
Primary motion has three types. They are: 
A. Shedding:- The process of making shed is called is the process of separating the warp yarn into two layers to form a tunnel which is called shed, is known as shedding. 
B. Picking:- The method of passing the weft threads traversely through warp yarn is called picking. 
C. Beat up:- The process in which yarns are sent to the fell of the cloth is called beat up.

Secondary motion 
Secondary motion is in two types: 
  1. Take up motion 
  2. Let off motion
Tertiary motion
Tertiary motion is not necessary for fabric production. The tertiary motions are:
  1. Warp stop motion. 
  2. Weft stop motion. 
  3. Reed stop motion.
Loom motion controls the fabric using these motion weavers can produce different types of fabrics.


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