Fabrics for Interior Home Textile

FABRICS FOR INTERIOR HOME TEXTILE
Author: Saddamhusen Jamadar
Department of Manmade Textile Technology
D.K.T.E’S Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, India
Email: saddamjamadar75@gmail.com
Cell: +919561210047





I. ABSTRACT
Home textile is branch of technical textile and it is nothing but the interior environment. It is related with interior spaces and their furnishing. It is more important that the function or comfort furnishings or their maintenance is there total effect of our psyche.

The furnishing provides us the mood. It will give mental relaxation to the people. The furnishing fabric contents the wall and floor coverings as well as window and furniture fabric, which must provide character and scale, missing in interior architecture.

In furnishing exposed for sale, whether in piece goods or as window draping or other hangings, three factors attract the eye simultaneously.
  • Color
  • Design
  • Texture
All these are described in detail in the present paper. Also the paper consist various application of fabrics used in home textile and their value addition properties obtained by various chemical processing.

II. INTRODUCTION
“A home is one of the most memorable investments that a man makes in his lifetime. Therefore make sure that it will always remain beautiful, new & full of memories.”

In simple terms home textiles is a branch of textile technology. Comprising application textile in household purposes. Home textiles are nothing but an interior environment, which deals with interior spaces and their furnishings. More important than function or comfort of furnishing or their maintenance is their total effect of our psyche.

Are we comfortable in a space?

Environment is important.

Furnishing that is the furniture and fabrics. Furniture will not be the prime contributor in differentiating spaces. It is fabric, which must provide the texture, colour, character, feel, and comfort missing in interior architecture. Fabric can do this better and less expensively than any other medium. Simultaneously, fabric can render unarticulated spaces personal and if desire cozy.

Need of textiles at home?
  • Fabric affords sun and light control.
  • Fabric prevents interior colour from fading.
  • Fabric prevents deterioration through sunlight.
  • Protects eyes from glare.
  • Protection from night blackness at evening and too-early sun in the morning.
  • It can make summer room cooler and reduce air-conditioning load.
  • Increase livability and workability of small space.
  • It also reduces noise; make music even speech richer and more resonant.
III. APPLICATION OF HOME TEXTILES:
  • Textiles for seating
  • Upholstery fabrics for contract use
  • Window textile
  • Sun filters
  • Semi sheer
  • Reflective textile
  • Curtain fabrics and drapes
  • Blinds
  • Bed textiles
  • Sheet and pillowcases
  • Quilted textiles
  • Blankets
  • Bed spreads
  • Mattress covers (Ticking)
  • Fabrics for wall coverings
  • Bathroom textiles
  • Shower curtains
  • Terry towels
  • Table textile
  • Tablecloth
  • Tablemats
  • Textile art (wall hangings)
IV. CATEGORIZATION OF HOME TEXTILES:
Since Home Textiles are made with different fibre composition, textures, color, finishes and designs suitable for different countries / needs / tastes. The following categorization is made.
  1. Bed Linen : Bed Covers, Bed Throws, Cushion Covers, Pillow, Pillow Covers, Quilting Cloth, Quilt Blanket (100% Cotton), Fire Retardant Blankets.
  2. Table Linen : Table Covers, Table Mats, Napkin, Runners.
  3. Kitchen Linen : Apron, Gloves, Pot Holder, Lunch Box Covers,
  4. Others : Floor Mats, Bath Mats, Bath Role, Sofa Covers, Curtain and Screens.
V. SELECTION OF FIBER FOR HOME TEXTILES:
End use, cost factor, durability, comfort and aesthetic properties are some of key factors to be considered while selecting the fibres for making home textiles. In order to achieve the above, the following measurable properties of fibres are to be balanced.
  • Tensile strength - Tenacity at break, Modulus and Elasticity.
  • Moisture Absorption / Content properties.
  • Optical behaviors like reflection / absorption of light and shape of fibre.
  • Eco friendliness
  • Electrical and thermal characteristics such as fibre ability to dissipate static charge.
TABLE: ADVANTAGES OF CHOOSING A FIBER TYPE 
Fibre Type
Advantages
Cotton / Linen
Comfort
Moisture & Thermal Character.
Aesthetic
Low Luster & Surface Irregularity.
Wool
Comfort
Warmth.
Viscose /
Polynosic/ Modal
Cost
Lower than Cotton.
Comfort
High Moisture Absorption / Retention Capacity.
Polyester/Acrylic Polyamide/ Polypropylene
Cost
Longer Durability, High Strength & Tough.
Comfort
Low Moisture Absorption Capacity, Low Thermo Plasticity.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sometimes, modified fibres are also blended to achieve the desired end products and other factors like cost reduction and special coloring effects. The most common blends for home textiles are polyester / cellulosic, polyester/acrylic in the proportion 50:50 are 67:33 Blends with more than 50% fibre are termed ad richer fabric of that fibre; Cotton-rich, Polyester-rich, etc.

1. BED SHEET

Raw Material: Cotton, Linen, P / C. It can be made up of the following cloths:

CLOTH
RAW MATERIAL
WEAVE
Cambric
Cotton or Wool
Plain
Dimity
Cotton
Plain   with    Cross / Length   wise   and    Cross       Bar    Effect
Dotted Swiss
Cotton
Plain(Ground With Swivel , Lappet)
Gingham
Cotton
Plain ( Stripe, check  Plaids )
Corduroy
Cotton, Rayon
Filling   Pile with   Plain or Twill Back.
Crettone
Cotton, Linen, Rayon
Plain     or   Twill.
Denim
Cotton
Twill, Right Handed                                                         L2/1, L3/1
Organd
Cotton
Plain, Swivel, lappet or   Flocked  Design
Plisse
Cotton, Rayon
Plain
Sateen
Cotton, Rayon
Sateen
Seersucker
Cotton, Rayon
Plain     with    Slack
Tension
 
Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Soft, Smooth
  • Warm Handle
  • Easy Care Properties
  • Hard Wearing
  • Good Dimensional Stability 
Bed Sheet
Finishing:
  • Anti – Shrink Finish
  • Softening
  • Anti – Microbial Finish
  • Crease Recovery Finish
  • Anti – Pilling finish
2. PILLOWS

Raw Material:
  • Feathers of Goose, Rabbit, Down, Duck, etc. (In Cold Countries)
  • Polyester, Cotton (In Hot Countries)
It can be made up of the following Cloths:
CLOTH   
RAW MATERIAL            
WEAVE
Crettone
Cotton, Linen,            
Plain, Twill weaves
Tiking
Cotton, Rayon    
Twill (L2, L3) Satin, Dobby & Jacquard
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Softer & Lighter
  • Shape Retention
  • Warmth / Coolness 
Pillows
Finishing:
  • Softening
  • Anti Microbial Finish
  • Anti – Shrink Finish
  • Fire Retardant Finish
3. TOWELS:

Raw Material: Cotton, Viscose, Modal. It can be made up of the following cloths:
CLOTH         
RAW MATERIAL    
WEAVE USED
Gingham    
Cotton             
Plain ( Stripes, Checks, Plaids)
Terrycloth     
Cotton,   Linen,
 Terry  ( 3pick , 4 pick,  5 pick )


 
 
 
Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Absorb Water
  • Softer Touch
  • Easy Care
Towels
Finishing:
  • Softening
  • Anti – Microbial
  • Anti – Odour Finish
4. BLANKETS & QUILTS
  • Raw material: Woolen, Cotton, P/C, Acrylic. 
CLOTH         
RAW MATERIAL
 WEAVE
Calico
Cotton
Plain
Chinchilla
Cotton, Wool
Sateen, Twill with Extra Filling
Flannelette
Cotton
Plain ; Twill
 
Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Warmth & Soft and Smooth
  • Heavy dense
  • Hard Wearing 
Blankets and Quits
Finishing:
  • Fire Retardant finishing
  • Softening
  • Anti - Microbial
5. TABLE CLOTH

Raw Material: Cotton, Polyester, P/V, P/C
CLOTH
RAW MATERIAL
WEAVE
Brocade
Cotton (Ground), Viscose (Pattern)
Jacquard, Dobby
Monk’s Cloth
Wool, Cotton, Linen, Silk, Rayon
4 * 4 Basket Weave
Chenille
Cotton
Plain

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Absorb Moisture
  • Stain Repellent
  • Easy wash care
  • Hard wearing 
Table cloth
Finishing:
  • Fire – Retardant finish
  • Stain – Repellent finish
  • Anti – Shrinkage finish
6. FURNISHING FABRICS

Raw Materials: Cotton, Polyester, Silk, P/C.
CLOTH
RAW MATERIAL
WEAVE
Brocade
Cotton (Ground),
Viscose (Pattern)
Jacquard, Dobby
Chenille
Cotton
Plain
Organd
Cotton
Plain with swivel, lappet
Lawn
Cotton
Plain
Gingham
Cotton
Plain(Stripes, Checks, Plaids)
Point de sprit
Cotton,   Silk
Leno,  Gauze
Voile
Cotton,   wool
Plain loosely woven
 
Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Good Colour Combination
  • Fastness towards Light
  • Sufficient Weight 
Furnishing fabric
Finishing:
  • Fire – Retardant finishes
  • Anti – shrink treatment
7. UPHOLSTERY FABRICS

Raw Materials: Cotton, Rayon, Polypropylene, Acrylic
CLOTH
RAW MATERIAL
WEAVE
Corduroy
Cotton, Rayon
Pile with Plain or Twill
Denim
Cotton
Twill RH or L2/1,L3/1
Tiking
Cotton
Twill L2/1,L3/1,Satin,              Jacquard, Dobby


Monk’s Cloth
Wool, Cotton, Linen, Silk, Rayon
4 * 4 Basket Weave
Chenille
Cotton
Plain
 
Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Soft
  • Comfort
  • Hard Wearing
  • Stain – Repellent finish 
Upholstery fabric
Finishing:
  • Fire – Retardant finish
  • Stain – Repellent finish
8. CUSHION COVERS

Raw Material: Cotton, Polyester, P / C, other Synthetics.

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:
  • Soft
  • Comfort
  • Stain – Repellent 
Cushion covers
Finishing:
  • Stain – Repellent finish
  • Fire – Retardant finish
9. Window textiles

Raw material used: Polyester, flax, viscose, cotton, silk, acetate, jute, hemp, glass, and modacrilics

Requirements:
  • Sun filters
  • Easy washing (similar washing reaction for all dyes used)
  • Printed (natural designs)
  • Solid colour dyeing
  • Reflective textiles (Reduce solar gain prevent sun glare)
10. Curtain fabrics

Requirements:
  • Drape flame retardency
  • Excellent light fastness
  • Opacity
  • Waterproof
  • Resistance to crease
  • Good aesthetic property
11. Wall covering
  • They are taking over market from paints.
Raw material used:
Jute (original), flax, cotton, polyurethane foam liner, laminated non-woven’s

Requirements:
  • Low flammability
  • Good sound absorber
  • Soil release
  • Excellent light fastness
  • Absorbing sound waves within the material is best achieve by material that are fibrous or cellular by nature such as mineral fiber and glass wool
12. Bathroom textiles
  • Terry towels (pile fabrics)
Raw material used: Cotton, polyester, flax, acrylic
Bathroom textiles
Requirements:
  • Soft feel
  • Absorbent
13. Shower curtains:

Requirements
  • Water proof
Special treatments: These are plastic coated (Interlined with HDPE, LDPE)

14. Table textiles

Raw material used: Cotton, linen, polyester blends, flax) PAN

Requirements:
  • Soft handle
  • Stain proof
  • Drape properties
  • Excellent wash-n-wear
  • Durability
  • Good strength
  • Dimensional stability
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Shape recovery
  • Heat insulation property
15. Textile art
  • Tapestry
Raw material used: Cotton, worsted wool

16. Wall hangings

Requirements: Good light fastness

Metal complex dyes are used primarily for subdued shades and acid dyes for brilliant shades. Yarn is moth proofed. Batik style of printing is also in use.

References:
  1. “Quality Parameters For Home Textiles” published by BTRA, Sep. 2004.
  2. “Techno Economics of Shuttless Looms” published by SITRA, Cbe.
  3. “Express Textiles” - Weekly Edition, 2004.
  4. Product broucher of home textile
  5. The book of towel manufacturing by sandip patil.
  6. www.emergingtrends.com
  7. www.bharattextiles.com
  8. www.fabriclink.com
  9. www.google.com
  10. www.vivisimo.com
  11. www.Indiamart.com 
 

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