An Overview of Viscose Rayon, A Regenerated Cellulosic Fiber

Fiber Overview of Viscose Rayon, A Regenerated Cellulosic Fiber!

Md. Noor Hossain
B.Sc Engg.(Textile): BUTex, MBA: DU;
Merchandiser: Epyllion Group
Email: noor.butex@gmail.com




Viscose Rayon:
Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulose fiber. Because it is produced from naturally occurring polymers, it is neither a truly synthetic fiber nor a natural fiber; it is a semi-synthetic or artificial fiber. Rayon is known by the names “Viscose rayon” and “artificial silk” in the textile industry. It usually has a high luster quality giving it a bright sheen.
Viscose Rayon
Viscose Rayon
Rayon was the first manufactured fiber. The term rayon was officially adopted by the textile industry. Unlike most man made fibres rayon is not synthetic. It is made from wood pulp, a naturally – occurring, cellulose based material. As a result rayon properties are most similar to those of natural cellulosic fibers. Such as cotton or linen, than those of thermoplastic ,petroleum based synthetic fibres such as nylon or polyester.

Generally Eucalyptus trees is used as a raw material for manufacturing rayon.

Here I want to clear some perplexing point regarding viscose rayon fiber:
  1. Rayon is the generic name of this Regenerated Cellulose fibre.
  2. The U. S. Trade Commission defines rayon as "manmade textile fibers and filaments composed of regenerated cellulose".
  3. Viscose is just one of the manufacturing process of preparing rayon & rayon produced form viscose process is called viscose rayon.
  4. The process of making viscose rayon (viscose process) was discovered by English chemist Charles Frederick Cross and his collaborators Edward John Bevan and Clayton beadle in 1891. In 1904 the British rights of the viscose process were purchased by Courtaulds Ltd. who developed it into the most successful method of rayon in the world. Courtaulds Ltd. produced the first commercial viscose rayon in 1905.
 

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