Application of Technical Textiles

Application of Technical Textiles
Authors: Taha Bin Yahya
Maaz Wasim Khan
Akram Ali
National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Technical Textiles:
Technical and industrial textiles relate both to kinds of products and to the application of textiles to particular uses. Examples of technical textiles products are high tenacity yarns, or special elastic or coated fabrics, all of which have high technology content. As far as industrial applications are concerned, textile-based articles can offer considerable performance advantages compared to other materials.
Application of technical textiles in space
Application of technical textiles in space
The sector of technical textile has experienced a spectacular increase during last years. Technical textiles consumption has increased worldwide by about >20% in volume. Cars and the transport industry, furniture, medical applications, clothing and construction are important users of technical and industrial textiles.

Given that innovation in new materials, processes and products is an inherent feature of this sub-sector, expenditure on research and development (R&D) is higher in this field than for conventional textiles (reaching up to 8-10% of turnover, compared to the industrial average of 3-5%). In the development of fibers, yarns and fabrics, functional aspects - such as anti-bacterial, anti-static, UV protective, thermal, or biodegradable functions - are playing an increasingly important role. Performance requirements and technical specifications determine the success of a product. Usually, technical textiles are created in a close relationship between the producer and the consumer so as to ensure tailor-made solutions to specific user purposes.

Application of Technical Textiles
Linings, netting, insulation, artificial grass ("geo-textiles")
Construction companies for roads, water engineering, soil stabilization, tunnels and other earthworks
Insulation and roofing materials ("building textiles")
Building firms, architects
Sun protection for greenhouses, fishing nets ("agro-textiles")
Farming, horticulture and fishing
Car mats and lining, airbags, fire resistant seat covers and carpets, safety belts
Producers of cars, airplanes, boats
Medical and healthcare
Bandages, medical corsetry
("medical textiles")
Hospitals, nursing homes, households
Safety nets, ribbons and tapes, fire resistant clothing
("protecting textiles")
Industry, public procurement, households
Twine and cordage, sacks and bags, tarpaulins ("packing textiles")
Industry, distribution, households
Military and public services
Fire service equipment, bullet-proof jackets, army tents, parachutes, extinguishing blankets, tubes
Military/security, forestry, offshore oil industry
Specialized clothing
Sports, skiing and leisure
Active sports, mountaineering,  households
Optical fibers, image conductor cables
Communication sector
Filters, drive and conveyer belts, abrasive belts
Engineering, machinery, chemicals, plastics, mining, energy, etc.
Interlaid scrims, braiding, shower curtains, umbrellas, parasols, deck chairs, textile wall papers
Decoration firms, households

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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