An Overview of Garment Accessories Part-2

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Interlinings are materials that are fused or sewn to specific areas on the inside of garments or garment components which are commonly used in the garment industry. They provide shape, support, stabilization, reinforcement, hand, and improved performance for garments. They are also called Interfacing, particularly by the home sewing industry. The selection of the most appropriate interlining for a garment is based on the manufacturer’s standards for aesthetics, performance & Costs. Here are some of the functions of interlinings;
  • Providing better shape retention
  • Increasing the strength & stability
  • Creating a firm structure
  • Giving warmth to the wearer
  • Increasing the bulkiness
Elastic is coming under Garment closures & this is an important in closures. Elastics must be suited to the desired Aesthetics & expected performance of the Product. They are often a factor in determining garment structure, fit and comfort. The performance of elastic especially in underwear may determine the lifetime of the garment in which it is used. Elastics may be sampled & tested and garment prototypes with elastic incorporated may be tested to determine if the performance of the elastic is adequate. Elastic has two functions which are;
  • To expand when stretched
  • To recover to its original dimension when released
The structure of Elastomeric fibres, fabrication of the elastic and application methods provides the degree of expandability and recovery.
Different types of elastics
Different types of elastics
Most Garments have multiple labels that provide information for both the apparel firms, that manufacture & distribute the garments & the consumers who select & use them. Labels contain information like;
  • Brand name and/or RN number (the manufacturer’s ID no.)
  • Fibre content
  • Country of Origin
  • Care information are required by Law
  • Other product information (Style no., Size, Construction features etc.)
Brand labels are the large, colorful, image builders that are strategically located for obvious visibility. Manufacturers to advice the consumer of special, high quality products use these labels. In addition there are Quality Marks which indicates that the products which may be supplied by different manufacturers, confirm to certain written quality standards.

Label Materials must be compatible with the garment materials, appropriate for the location in which the label is placed & the processing to which the garment will be subjected. In addition, labels must be durable, easy to attach and meet cost constraints.

Styles of Labels & Application Methods
  1. Double with a single fold & open at one end
  2. Flat with no ends folded
  3. Flat with ends folded in
  4. Folded Loops 
Different types of labels
Different types of labels
Different types of labels
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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