Application of Nano Technology in Textile Wet Processing

Application of Nano Technology in Textile Wet Processing
Aravin Prince Periyasamy
Asst Professor, Dept of Textile Technology,
DKTE Textile Engineering Institute, Kolhapur, India

Characteristics of Nano finished Textile materials

  • Their protective layer is difficult to detect with the naked eye.
  • Saving time and laundering.
  • This technology embraces environmental friendly properties.
  • The crease resistant feature keeps clothing neat.
  • Nano processed products are toxic free
  • Garments are good looking and more durable than ordinary material
  • Manufacturing cost is low, adding value to the products.
Application of Nano Technology in Wet Processing:
1. Nano dyeing

2. Nano finishing
  • Hydrophobic finish
  • Self cleaning effect
  • UV-protection
  • Anti-Microbial
  • Anti-Pollen
  • Odour fights finish
  • Flame retardant finishing
Nano dyeing:
Nano dyeing is done for the following reason.
  1. 1To reduce the electricity,heating ,process time in cotton textile dyeing process.
  2. To reduce the water quantity in cotton textile dyeing process.
  3. To decolorized the effluent water less TDS out , with textile drain itself.
  4. This process do not required any other harmful chemicals.
  5. Begin to earn big money on process time .
Nano Finishing: Hydrophobic Finish
  • This nano finish originally named as “Nano care”& marketed by “Nano Tex”
  • Hydrophobic surface can be produced mainly in 2 ways
  • By creating rough structure on a hydrophobic surface
  • By modifying a rough surface using materials with low surface energy
  • Fluro carbon finishes constitute an important class of hydrophobic finish
U-V Finish
  • Rayleigh‟s scattering theory predicts that in order to scatter UV radiation between 200 and 400 nm, the optimum particle size will be between 20 and 40 nm.
  • A thin layer of titanium dioxide is formed on the surface of the treated cotton fabric which provides excellent UV-protection; the effect can be maintained after 50 home launderings.
    Treated cotton                                                            Un treated cotton
Anti Microbial Finish
  • It is a well known fact that the growth of bacteria and microorganisms in food or water is prevented when stored in silver vessels due to antimicrobial properties
  • Silver nano particle
  • Silver ions have broad spectrum of anti microbial activities
  • The method of producing durable silver containing antimicrobial finish is to encapsulate a silver compound or nano particle with a fiber reactive polymer like poly (styrene co-maleic anhydride)
  • Instead of perfume , we may use thermo sensitive pigment, thermal storage materials or pharmaceutical preparation in the inner core
  • The treated yarns showed effective antimicrobial activity against various bacteria, fungi
Anti-Pollen Finish
  • Miyuki keori co of Japan is marketing anti-pollen fabrics
  • The smoothness of the finish on the surface and the anti-static effect does not let pollen or dust to come close
  • This finish is given by the polymer which have anti-static or electro conductive composition, Eg. Fluroalkyl –( meth acrylate polymers.)
  • It is used in coats blouses, gloves,& etc
Odour Fight Finish
  • A Taiwanese nano-tech firm Green shield has created underwear using nanotechnology that fights odour.
  • This underwear fiber release undetectable negative ions & infrared rays that destroy odour -causing bacteria.
  • The negative ions inhibits the reproduction of bacteria
  • Far infrared rays causing all the individual atoms being vibrated at a higher frequency which speeds up the metabolism & the elimination of wastes
  • Tourmaline –a natural mineral emits negative ions when low level radiation comes in contact with oxygen, co2 & water molecules in the air-promotes electrolytic dissociation.
  • This nano finish can eliminate
  • 99.99% of bacteria,
  • 90% of odour,
  • 75 % sticky moisture
Flame-Retardant Finish
  • Nyacol nanotechnologies, has been the world leading supplier of colloidal Antimony pentoxide which is used for flame retardant finish on textiles.
  • It contain colloidal antimony pent-oxide with halogenated flame retardants. The ratio of halogen to antimony 5:1 to 2:1
  • 10 parts of nycolin 1550 parts of aqueous dispersion, with pH7 and add 40 parts of H2O and sufficient ammonia add for bring out pH9, mix this with 50 parts of rubber latex and spray to the Non-woven material. 
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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