What is Garment Pattern Construction?

Garment Pattern Construction
Harshani Wijendra
Sri Lanka Institute of Textile & Apparel Technology (SLITA)
Email: harshani_bipasha@yahoo.com

Pattern Construction:
We all know that people wear variety of Garments & have a collection of different types of Garments. The Difference in Garments could be vary or due to the type of fabric used, the color or the print, weave/knit structure etc. Very often with one type of fabric & color, you can sew Garment of different styles. Have you ever thought how Garments manufacturers come out with various garment styles? First step in the process of garment manufacture is to decide on a style for a particular garment. Depending on the customer’s taste & preference the style may vary. The person who decides the style of a garment makes his decision based on several factors such as Culture, Geographical, Climate Conditions, and Social Status of the Wearer. Usually the Designer puts his ideas on a sketch.

In order to make the Garments it has to translate the Three Dimensional (3D) garment to Two Dimensional (2D) shapes which when put together will form the desired Garment. This process of preparing the flat, two dimensional shapes is known as Pattern Making or Pattern Construction. And before heading to Pattern Construction it is necessary to know What a Pattern is. Pattern is a Piece of exact Size & shape of Paper with the help of which the shape & the size of the required fabric piece to construct a garment component can be cut.

As a starting point of we draw a sketch of a person wearing the required garment. The next step is to draw the Front & back view of the garment. This drawing is known as the Production Sketch. Below shown is a Production sketch of a Ladies Blouse.
Production sketch of a Ladies Blouse
Production sketch of a Ladies Blouse
Once the Production sketch is drawn then the required Size & shape of pattern papers which will help to cut the Fabric pieces for the Production of three dimensional garments. We know that the humans have different sizes and shapes therefore in order to fit a garment to the body of a particular person his Body Measurements must be known & then it is easy to Construct the Pattern block for the required Size.

Garments Sewn to the same person can have different styles. For example let us look at two Gown sewn from the same fabric to the same size with two different styles.
Gown pattern construction
Gown pattern construction
The Gown A has a halter neck with a flared skirt whereas the gown B doesn’t has a halter neck and it has A line skirt with a tube top and an opening from side. So when in constructing a pattern those information's on a style should be provided. The information on style includes details about pockets, grain, line of fabric, collar etc. This information can be termed as Specifications.

Therefore, considering all above info we discussed we can come to a conclusion that in order to construct a Pattern it is required to have following basic information. Namely;  


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