Learning Area of a Textile Engineer

Introduction:
Nowadays, Textile engineering study that determines the development dynamics of the clothes sector that has taken on a different character with the development of a great deal of new technologies. This area of engineering conducts education and research on processing raw textile materials by different techniques and developing new techniques for the same purpose. To be a textile engineer he has to command over all topics which are given below.
Textile engineering study
Section A: Textile Science

1. History and Development of Textiles

2. Fibres:
  • General definitions of textile terms
  • fibre
  • yarn
  • textile
  • polymerisation
  • polymer orientation
  • Detailed study of each fibre:
  • history
  • classification of fiber
  • characteristics
  • properties (physical, chemical, thermal and biological)
  • identification tests
  • Fibre to yarn production:
  • natural fibres
▪ plant fibres - cotton, linen, sisal, jute, coir, palm leaves
▪ animal fibres - wool, silk, goat hair
▪ mineral fibres – glass, asbestos
  • regenerated/man-made cellulosic fibres (viscose rayon, cuprammonium rayon, acetate rayon, triacetates)
  • synthetic fibres (nylon, polyester, acrylic, modacrylic), and other fibres (elastomers, metal fibres, minerals -glass).
3. Yarns
  • Yarn production
  • Yarn types:
  • mono-filament yarns
  • multi-filament yarns
  • Classification of yarn
  • staple and filament yarns
  • simple and complex yarns
  • Characteristics/properties of yarns
  • Yarn count
  • Yarn twist
  • Thread
4. Blends and mixtures:
  • Definitions
  • Similarities and differences
  • Uses
  • Characteristics
  • Advantages of blending and mixing different fibres and yarns
5. Fabric construction:
  • Methods of construction:
  • Weaving; definition, classification, characteristics of different weaves, methods of weave construction, basic weaving principles and suitability of weaves for various purposes
  • Other methods of construction: knitting, crocheting, bonding, felting, braiding and lacing
6. Fabric finishes
  • Definitions, classification, description of basic and fundamental finishes; advantages of finishes on specific fabrics
  • Basic finishes:
  • general brushing
  • pressing
  • scouring
  • inspection
  • shearing
  • singeing
  • sizing
  • tentering
  • Functional/special finishes:
  • calendaring
  • embossing
  • glazing
  • mercerisation
  • sanforisation
  • trubenisation
  • absorbency properties
  • fire and flame proof
  • heat resistant
  • anti-static
  • moth-proofing
  • bacteria finish
  • water repellent/water proof
  • soil resistant
  • permanent press
7. Colour applications
  • Local decoration of fabrics:
  • dyes
  • classification of dyes
  • Natural and artificial dyes
  • Principles of dyeing and stages of dyeing
  • Methods of colour application
  • dyeing (tie and dye, batik)
  • printing (block printing, screen printing, roller printing)
8. Care of fabrics
  • Laundry agents
  • Stain removal
  • Laundry
  • Dry cleaning
  • Care labels
  • Care of garments made from specific fabrics, for example, cotton, wool, linen, silk and synthetics
Section B: Clothing Technology

9. Introduction to Clothing Technology
  • Definitions of clothing terms, for example:
  • fashion
  • style
  • fibres
  • yarns
  • polymerisation
  • polymer orientation
  • weaving
  • tailoring
  • cellulosic
  • elasticity
  • spinning
  • tapestry
  • costume
  • tensile strength
  • texturising
  • thread count
  • twist
  • Historical background of clothing
  • Development of clothing
  • General objectives of wearing clothes
  • Fashion
  • definition of fashion terms
  • fashion cycle
  • Culture and clothing
  • Factors that influence fashion
  • Body figures
10. Principles and elements of design

11. Selection of fabrics suitable for different purposes:
  • Consumer advice and information – wise buying
  • Factors affecting choice of clothing for different factions
  • Dress sense
  • Suitability of colours, fabrics and styles for the wearer consisting of various figure types, garments and occasions
12. The aesthetic value of design in construction – enhancing garments and other household articles

13. Equipment used in garment construction:
  • Classification of equipment according to functions
  • tracing equipment
  • cutting equipment
  • sewing equipment
  • enhancement equipment
  • Choice, use and care of equipment
  • Sewing machines
  • types of sewing machines
  • functions of various parts and attachments
  • care (special and general cleaning)
  • faults and remedies
14. Basic sewing processes:
  • Stitches
  • Seams
  • Fastenings
  • Openings
  • Edge finishes
  • Control of Fullness
  • Collars
  • Sleeves
  • Pockets
15. Dress patterns:
  • Commercial paper patterns
  • Drafting of basic blocks, their adaptations and alterations
  • Measurements and taking measurements
  • Selection of fabric and pattern
  • Making up and finishing of garments for children and adults
  • Household articles
  • Undergarments
  • Outer wear
  • Accessories 
 

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