Benefits and End Uses of Microfiber | Appearances of Micro Fibre | Development of Micro Fiber

Benefits, End Uses, Appearances & Development of Microfiber
Harshani Wijendra
Sri Lanka Institute of Textile & Apparel Technology (SLITA)

Benefits of Microfiber

1. Effective at capturing microbes:
Several studies have determined that microfiber is better than cotton at capturing bacteria. The University of California, Davis Medical Center compared the amount of bacteria picked up by a cotton-loop mop and by a microfiber mop. The cotton-loop mop reduced bacteria on the floors by 30%, whereas the microfiber mop reduced bacteria by 99%.

2. Prevents cross-contamination:
Microfiber cloths and mops are available in different colors so that a color-coding system can be implemented for specific uses. For instance, in bathrooms, pink cloths can be used for toilets and yellow cloths for sinks. Green cloths can be used for office cleaning.

3. Reduces chemical and water use more effectively:
A University of Massachusetts Lowell study determined that because the microfiber mopping system uses less water and chemicals, it reduced the amount of water and chemicals handled, and it eliminated the need to wring the heavy cotton mops, resulting in less potential for worker injury.

End-Uses of Micro Fibers
Microfiber is also used to make mats, knits, and weaves for apparel, upholstery, industrial filters, and cleaning products. The shape, size, and combinations of synthetic fibers are selected for specific characteristics, including softness, toughness, absorption, water repellency, electrodynamics, and filtering capabilities. In previous article I have discussed about application of microfiber.

Main products for which microfiber are ideally suited:
  • Microfiber Glass Cloth
  • Duster/Multi-purpose Microfiber Cleaning Cloth
  • Microfiber Scrubber
  • Microfiber Kitchen Cloth
  • Microfiber Optical & CD Cloth
  • Microfiber Mops
  • Microfiber Cleaning Sponge
  • Microfiber Cleaning Cloths – Terry Cloths, Suede Cloths, Waffle-Weave Cloths
Appearances of Micro Fiber:
Structure comparison of microfiber
Cross-section of radial type of micro fiber
Cross-section of radial type of micro fiber
Development Micro Fiber:
During the middle of the 20th century, the manufacturing of synthetic fibers began to expand into new areas. One of the breakthroughs was to take the sludge that was left over after oil had been refined and turn it into a synthetic fiber that could be used in upholstery; the process of refining this waste product yielded a substance known as polypropylene, which could in turn be processed into a thin olefin fiber. Olefin fibers were ideal to use in the production of car upholstery, home and office carpeting, and even some draperies. Olefin fibers caught on in a big way during the 1970s with one company in particular, Hercules, Inc., producing their own branded form of olefin fiber, which was dubbed Herculon®.

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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