Definition, Objectives and Evaluation of Garment Washing

Definition, Objectives and Evaluation of Garment Washing

Mustaque Ahammed Mamun
Department of Textile Engineering
Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology (DUET)
Cell: +8801723300703

The technology which is used to modify the appearance, outlook comfort ability & fashion of the garments is called garment washing.

Purpose of Garments Washing:
Purpose of washing/Best wash look is the best touch of a garment - This may be explained in the following way :-
  1. Washing process of garment is done to create wash look appearance. After washing the garments create a new look which seems the new touch of fashion.
  2. By the washing technique, faded/old look, color or tinted affect is created in the garments which also seem the best touch of garments.
  3. Washing technique creates new fashion such as tagging, grinding, destroy, Blasting, whiskering, permanent wrinkle, deep dye, tie dye, P. P spray, hand crapping, P.P spoon zing etc. Which also seems the best touch of garments.
  4. The main and important function of washing is to reduce size materials as a result the garment become size free and become soft hand feel.
  5. When these soft garments are touched then it seems to best touch of garments.
  6. To attraction the customers/Buyer by different types of Fashionable washing and market developments.
  7. Due to washing, shrinkage occurs in the garments. There is no possibility of further shrinkage of the wash garments.
  8. Any dirt, spot or germ if added in the garments during manufacturing is also removed due to washing.
  9. To remove hairiness of garments to make it comfortable to wear.
Evaluation of Garment Washing:
The evolution of the jean’s market led to the development of some unique and creative methods for the processing of denim garments. Originally, jeans were marketed and sold as work wear, but when jeans appreciated by consumers as general casual wear, they became fashionable and new techniques were developed to enhance denim garments.
Garment washing
The first generation of indigo jeans was stiff and uncomfortable when first purchased, due to the finishing techniques used for denim fabrics. The second generation of the jean’s market evolution produced pre-washed jeans by the manufacturer. These jeans had a slightly faded appearance and a softer hand that felt comfortable. Not long after the introduction of pre-washed jeans, the idea of using abrasive stones to accelerate the aging process was developed and "stone washing" was born, creating an even more "broken-in" look. Next, chlorine bleach was incorporated in these wash techniques ice washing was developed, in which the porous stones are soaked in a bleaching agent and then tumbled with dry or slightly damp garments.
Fashion of washed garments
Most recently, a cellulase wash procedure was developed in which cellulase enzymes were used to accelerate color and fiber removal. This process can be more efficient, since with fewer stones. These garment washing techniques were originally developed for denim garments, but are now being used for a wide variety of different garment types. This technical article describes the basic wash, stonewash, stonewash with chlorine, ice wash, and cellulase wash techniques used for cotton garments. Any of these procedures can be modified to fit a particular situation, depending upon garment type, available equipment and process flow.


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