Why Automation is Necessary in the Textile Industry?

Automation is a technology dealing with the application of mechatronics and computers for production of goods and services. It is one the major key to quality improvement and cost competitiveness. In the last couple of decades, automation in textile industry has taken place in all the processes involving textile manufacture i.e. cotton picking, ginning, spinning, weaving, and processing and even to some extent in garment making, resulting in enormous gains in productivity and efficiency.
Automation in ring frame
Automation is broadly classified into:
  1. Manufacturing automation and 
  2. Service automation
Robots, CNC machine tools, ASRS, security systems, CAD/CAM systems, logistics support tools, automated inspection systems, material handling systems

Types of Automation:

Fixed automation:
  • Custom-engineered, special-purpose equipment to automate a fixed sequence of operations (high production rates, inflexible product design)
Programmable automation:
  • Equipment designed to accommodate a specific class of product changes (batch production, medium volume)
Flexible automation:
  • Designed to manufacture a variety of products or parts (low production rates, varying product design and demand)
Reasons for Automation is Need in the Textile Industry:
Shortage of labor
  • The ratio of the number of workers to the number of retirees.
High cost of labor
  • May not always make sense to establish plants in countries with low labor costs
Increased productivity
  • Value of output per person per hour increases
Lower costs
  • reduced scrap rate
  • lower in-process inventory
  • superior quality
  • superior quality
  • shorter (compact) lines
Reducing manufacturing lead time
  • respond quickly to the consumers’ needs
  • rapid response to changes in design
  • lower prices, better products
  • better image
  • better labor relations

New process technologies require automation
  • e.g., robot controlled thermal spray torch for coating engine blocks with steel with atomized steel particles
Potential for mass customization

For the above facilities, automation is widely used in:
  1. Automation in Fiber Production/Manufacturing
  2. Automation in Yarn Manufacturing
  3. Automation in Fabric Manufacturing
  4. Automation in Dyeing/Wet Processing
  5. Automation in Apparel Manufacturing
  6. Automation in Textile Testing and Quality Control 


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