List of Garment Accessories l Features, Properties and Applications of Garment Accessories

Features, Properties and Applications of Garment Accessories
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Apparel Manufacturing
Asst. Merchandiser
Opex Sinha Group, Narayongonj

Garment Accessories:
A garment is made not only from the apparel fabric but also various accessory items. Fabric is the basic material in garment manufacturing. Except fabric of garment, the other materials are known as garment accessories. These have to be chosen in such a way that they complement the outer fabric both aesthetically, in terms of decoration, and practically, in terms of ensuring that the garment performs as expected in its intended end use. Various kinks of accessories are used on garments, some are part of the garments such as buttons, zippers, interlining etc. while others are used for decorating and enhancing the product appearance such as sequins, embroidery etc.
Garment Accessories
Types of Garment Accessories:
Various kinks of accessories are used on garments, some are part of the garments such as buttons, zippers, interlining etc. while others are used for decorating and enhancing the product appearance such as sequins, embroidery etc.

Normally garment accessories can be classified in three ways:
  1. Garment accessories/Basic accessories
  2. Decorative accessories
  3. Finishing accessories
Garment accessories/Basic accessories:
  1. Thread
  2. Zipper
  3. Interlining
  4. Button for example: Snap button, Plastic button, .Metal button.
  5. Label: Main label , Size Label, Wash care label
  6. Motif: Leather, Plastic, batchMetal
  7. Pocketing fabric
  8. Lining
  9. Velcro
  10. Elastic
  11. Cord
  12. Ribbon
  13. Toggles
  14. Rivet
  15. Collar bone.
A short terms of basic accessories are given below:

A button is a small disc, typically round, object usually attached to an article of clothing in order to secure an opening, or for ornamentation.

A zipper or (zip fastener) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. It is used in clothing (e.g. jackets and jeans), luggage and other bags, sporting goods, camping gear (e.g., tents and sleeping bags), and other daily use items.

Lining is one kind of trimmings which is used underside of garments and use in next to skin.

Interlining is a layer of flannel fabric sewn in between the face fabric and the standard lining. Interlining provides insulation and also adds a luxurious weight and softness, improves the drape of the fabric, and protects fragile fabrics. It is a popular choice with silk draperies.

Garment Pattern: 
The individual par of a garment which is shaped by hard paper is called pattern.

Working Pattern:
The patterns set which is used for sample making are called Working Pattern.

Marker is a large thin paper which contains shape of required pattern pieces or a particular style of garments.

Fabric Spreading:
Spreading means smooth lying out of fabrics as per marker length and width.

Fabric Cutting:
Cutting is the process by which we can cut fabrics as per marker dimension with the help of knife.

Bespoke Garments:
Bespoke Garments are made on the basis of individual clients and according to the individual’s size and requirement.

Ready to Wear Garments:
Ready to wear garments is made on the basis of target common groups, according to size charts, derived from statistical analysis.

Decorative Accessories:
  1. Elastic tape
  2. Buttonhole tape
  3. Piping
  4. Moiré ribbon
  5. Seaming tape
  6. Welted tape
  7. Ribbed tape
  8. Velvet ribbon
  9. Bias binding
  10. Stamped tape
  11. Taffeta ribbon
  12. Galloon
  13. Fringes
  14. Cords
  15. Tassels
  16. Rosettes
  17. Soutache
  18. Pompons
Short terms of decorative accessories are:

Trimmings: Those accessories which are used in sewing section are called trimmings. General name for a patterned, woven or knitted ribbon in cotton, silk, wool, or man-made fibre.
Scalloping, Rick-rack: Narrow bowed, zigzag, or scalloped ribbon, plain or multi-coloured in cotton or man-made fibres for edge trimming of traditional costumes and children's wear.
Elastic tape: It is an elastic cotton strip. Highly elastic, flat, braided band containing rubber or elastomeric fibres.
Elastic tape
Buttonhole tape: Broad elastic tape with buttonholes located in the centre.
Buttonhole tape
Piping: Cotton or linen plain woven ribbon about 1 cm wide, used as a tailoring aid for edges, reveres, and collars.

Moiré ribbon: Cotton, silk or man-made fibre ribbon with a moiré pattern for hat bands and bows.

Seaming tape: Cotton or viscose twill woven tape for stabilising seams.

Welted tape: Cotton or viscose tape with a narrow welt at the edge.
Welted tape
Ribbed tape: Cotton, silk, or viscose tape with pronounced ribs for decoration or for waistbands.

Velvet ribbon: Cotton, silk or viscose narrow-woven velvet; sensitive to handling.

Bias binding: Tape cut on the bias (diagonally) in various widths and materials, plain or patterned, either flat or folded for use as binding.

Stamped tape: Interlining tape with pre-stamped marks to show sewing width and seam allowance. Aids more efficient working.

Taffeta ribbon: Filament yarn ribbon, plain or check patterned, for ribbon bows.

Galloon: A particularly supple, plain or patterned braided ribbon for piping or binding in outerwear.
Fringes: A narrow edging of projecting yarns which are not woven into the fabric, in viscose, wool, or silk.

Cords: Circular braided materials of various thickness in viscose, cotton or synthetics. Used as decoration for clothing, in household textiles, and in sporting goods.

Tassels: Expensive, hand-made articles in silk or viscose. A combination of fringes, cords, and braids.

Rosettes: Decorative items used either alone or in combination with ornamental textiles.

Soutache: A mouldable flat braid with two ribs in silk or viscose used for formal clothes.

Pompons: Bunches of wool, silk or synthetics used as trimmings, hanging alone or in groups.

Finishing Accessories:
There are some finishing accessories:
  1. Hang tag
  2. Price tag
  3. Plastic/ poly bag
  4. Tissue paper
  5. Carton
  6. Scotch tape
  7. PP belt
  8. Tag pin
  9. Plastic clip
  10. Stiker
  11. Butterfly
  12. Collar insert
  13. Back board
  14. Necks insert 
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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