Different Types of Fabric Testing with Testing Method

Types of Fabric Testing

Ramandeep Singh
B.Tech, Dept. of Textile Engineering
Giani Zail Singh Punjab Technical University Campus,
Bathinda, Punjab, India
Email: rmnsandhu3335@gmail.com
 
 





Nature of test
Testing standard/
method
Sample size
(metres of
fabric)

Instrument
Ends and picks
ASTM D 3775-03 & IS
1963-1981
1
Pick Counter
Count of yarn from fabric-warp
and weft
ASTM D 1059-01
1
Precision Balance
Grab test
ASTM D 5034-95
Reapproved 2001
2
Tensile Strength
Tester
Length of fabric
-
5
Measuring Scale
Width of fabric
ASTM D 3774-96
1
Measuring Scale
Breaking strength (warp and weft
directions)
ASTM D 5035-95 & IS
1969-1985
Reapproved 2001
2
Tensile Strength
Tester
Weight per unit area or unit length
of fabric
ASTM D 3776-96 & IS
1964-2001
Reapproved 2002
2
Precision Balance
Moisture content of fabric
ISO 6741-1 1989
2
Mesdan Semi
Automatic Moisture
Tester
Mean thickness
IS : 7702-1975
2
Shirley Thickness
Gauge
Abrasion (flat/flex)
ASTM D 3885-1999
2
Abrasion
-
2
Eureka Abrasion
Tester
ASTM D 1424-1996
Reapproved 2004
2
Elmendorf Tearing
Strength Tester
-
1
Air Permeability
Tester
IS 1966-1975
2
Bursting Strength
Tester
Crimp
ASTM D 3883-2004
1
Crimp Tester
Crease recovery (dry/wet)
-
1
Shirley Crease
Recovery Tester













Nature of test
Testing standard/
method
Sample size
(metres of
fabric)

Instrument
Fabric stiffness
BS 3356-1990
1
Shirley Stiffness/
Blending Length
Tester
Fabric defects
-
2
-
Pilling test
IS 10971-1993
1
Pilling Tester
Drape
BS 5058-1973
2
Drape Tester
-
2
-
Adhesive force
-
2
Tensile Strength
Tester
Strength of yarn taken out from
fabric - warp and weft
-
2
Uster Tensorapid
TPI of single yarn taken out from
the fabric  warp and weft
-
2
Micro Processor
Twist Tester
TPI of single yarn taken out from
the double yarn of fabric
-
2
Micro Processor
Twist Tester
Defect analysis
-
1
-





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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.


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