Common Fabric Defects With Images

Common Fabric Defects

Ramandeep Singh
B.Tech, Dept. of Textile Engineering
Giani Zail Singh Punjab Technical University Campus,
Bathinda, Punjab, India
Email: rmnsandhu3335@gmail.com





Fabric Defects:
 
Knitted Fabric Defects

Dye Mark
Dye Spot

 
Holes 
by defective machine elements

 
Ladder
Wales Collapse in straight line


Missing Plush Loop
Mulfunctioning of loop 


Pin Marks
Poorly adjusted stenter pin

 
Slub
Thickness of yarn

 
Spirality
Over twisted yarn

 
Stain
Excessive oil, dirt



Woven Fabric Defects

Bar
Variation in weft yarn

 
Colour Bleeding
Poor Wet fastness

 
Burst Selvedge
Poor Construction selvedge

 
Pin Marks
Poor stenter pin

 
Float
slack warp, faulty pattern card

 
Mispick
Incorrect weft insertion

 
Reed Mark
Damaged reed

 
Starting Place
restarting of loom

 
Slack End
Insufficient Warp Tension

 
Slough-off Weft
Weft yarn slips from pirn

 
Wrong End
lack of control of warp tension

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