Application of Sensor Technology in Textiles

Sensor Technology in Textile:
Normally a sensor is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (today mostly electronic) instrument. In this modern technology era sensor is widely used in all branch of the textile industry, at all of the departments. Without applying of sensor technology efficiency of the machine will be decrease, wastage will be increase and overall cost will be increase. Besides, accident can be occurred without using sensor in textile machine. Without machinery, textile sensor systems are capable of capturing comprehensive physiologic data from the body and are designed to be seamlessly integrated into everyday garments. Wearable monitoring provides a comfortable and user-friendly way to obtain body data measurements to assist consumers in managing their top wellness concerns of weight loss, physical health and energy level. Textronics sells sensor components and markets its own line of clothes for personal monitoring under the brand name NuMetrex™. Now a days, Sensor is widely used in smart textile. So, we must have to know about the Sensor technology and it’s operating and working procedure to become a Good Textile Engineer. 
Various sensors in textile
Fig: Various sensors in textile
It is seen in Textile Industry so far that, the Sensor Problems and Sensor Technology related issues are being observed and fixed by the Computer Engineers. But, as the Textile Engineers knows everything about Textile except Sensor, it is the time to learn about the Sensor Technology to have an all-round performance in Textile Engineering life.

The offered range of textile machine sensors is developed by trusted vendors, who ensure to made it utilizing high grade raw material and innovative technology. Along with this, the offered range of textile machine sensors is ideally utilized in different sectors such as textile industry foe sensing applications.

Features of Textile Sensors:
  • Longer functional life
  • High performance
  • Easy maintenance
  • Reliable operations
Types of Sensor:
In Textile, two types of Sensor are used. One is Capacitive Sensor; another is Optical Sensor. Again, Optical Sensor is divided into two types- 1. One Dimensional Optical Sensor, 2. Two Dimensional Optical Sensor.

Capacitive Sensor:
Capacitive Sensor is used for determination of mass variation. In textile spinning industry, the Capacitive sensor is widely used in order to determine the production parameters. By taking the calculation result from the capacitive sensor, some of the spinning machines are to be set up.

Optical Sensor:

Optical sensor is used for determination of diameter variation. It has advantages with regard to visual appearance of the yarn. One dimensional sensor comes to very close to observation of human eye; whereas, two dimensional Optical sensor offers advantages for the determination of the roundness and the density of the Yarn.

The other major sensors are: Proximity Sensors, Inductive Sensor, Namur Sensors, Field Plate/Hall Sensors, Photo Electric Sensors, Sensors & Electronic module for textile - Indigenous /Imported Machines, Connector & cable assembly and Peripheral & Relay Units, Certified Zener Barriers, Field Programmable smart Sensors for which WIPO patent is pending.

Sensor is used in all kind of textile machineries but widely used in machines such as Air Jet Loom, Auto Coner 138, 238 / Auto Coro, Carding, Drawing Frame, Pre Winder, Rapier Loom, Projectile Loom, Staubli Dobby 2605, P 7100, PU 85, PU 153, GTM Loom, Omni Loom, Ring Frame etc.
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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