An Overview of Textile Finishing Process

Textile Finishing:
Textile finishing means ,some process which apply on textiles materials before bleaching or after colouration to increase the different properties of textile materials. But those process apply on textile materials before Cutting and sewing the materials to making garments, household and other products. The aim of textiles finishing is to render textile goods fit for their purpose or end-use.

Textile finishing machine (Compactor m/c)
Objects of Finishing:
  1. To improve the appearance of the fabric,that is make it more attractive or lustrous by operations.
  2. To improve the feel of the fabric by softening,Stiffening etc.
  3. To improve wearing qualities of the fabric by making it shrink resistant, crease resistant,or free from pills and soiling.
  4. To increase weight of the fabric.
  5. To cover faults in the original fabric.
  6. To make garments hold their shape and enable them to be worn without ironing.
  7. To impart special properties to the fabric for specif end use.
  8. To set the texture of certain fabrics and make others diamensionally stable.
  9. To produce stronger and more durable fabrics.
  10. To produce novelty effects.
  11. To increase service ability and wash fastness.
Classification of Finishing:
Generally There are two types of finishing.those are---
  1. Physical/Mechanical.
  2. Chemical.
Physical/Mechanical Finishing:
Chemical is not used it. Used to control dimension and to improve appearance and handle. It's less expensive.

It's two types-----
  1. Temporary-----(Calendaring, embossing etc)
  2. Permanent/Durable---(raising, Sanforizing etc.)
Chemical Finishing:
Chemical is used for it.Used to make glossy protection and it's expensive.

It's also two types-----
  1. Temporary------(Starching, Weighting, Softening etc.)
  2. Permanent/Durable----(Mercerizing, Resin,Water proof, Fire proof etc.)
Machine Use for Finishing:
Woven Fabric Finishing m/c:

  1. Calendering m/c.
  2. Stentering m/c.
  3. Sanforizing m/c
  4. Raising m/c.
  5. Hydroextractor m/c.
  6. Steamer-----------(1. Multilayer conveyor steamer. & 2. Roller bed steamer.)
Knit Fabric Finishing m/c:
For Open fabric:
  1. Slitting m/c.
  2. Stentering m/c.
  3. Compacting m/c.
For Tube fabric:
  1. Dewatering m/c.
  2. Drying m/c.
  3. Tube compacting m/c.
Yarn Finishing m/c:
  1. Hydroextractor m/c.
  2. Radio frequency dryer.
  3. Infra-red dryer.
Finishing is most efficiently carried out on a days it's apply all types of fabrics .Todays, it also apply on different types of garments.So ,It's the very important process and the final treatment process for textiles materials.

Author of This Article:
Shareful Islam Palash
Uttara Engineering College, Uttara, Dhaka

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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