Parts of Flat Bed Knitting Machine

Flat Bed Knitting Machine:
Flat Bed Knitting Machine produces flat pieces. Most common knitting machine for hobbiests and boutique producers. Garments produced from a flat bed knitting machine normally have side seams. ; It is not possible to knit in the round on a flat bed knitting machine. Flat bed knitting machines cannot work purl stitches or garter stitch automatically. A flat bed knitting machine comprising a flat elongate bed on which is retained a plurality of parallel, latchable, needles equally spaced along the length of the bed and each movable relative to the bed in a direction lengthwise of the needles and transverse of the bed length.

Machine Parts of Flat Bed Knitting Machine:
The different parts of flat bed knitting machine are given as below:
Schematic Diagram of Different Parts of Flat Bed Knitting Machine.
1. Tension Equipment: Provides tension force for yarn to be fed to the yarn feeder.

2. Cone Stand Plate: Table on which cone is arranged.

3. Fluorescent Lamp: It is necessary to see the condition of the needle bed gap and so on during knitting. Turn on and off on the controller screen.

4. Cone Stand: Holds the cone.

5. Signal Lamp: There are three indication lamps are as follows:
  • Green lamp------------------------Machine is in operation.
  • Blinking Green lamp-------------Machine is stopped by operation.
  • Blinking yellow lamp----------Machine is stopped because of error, or completion of piece.
6. Carriage: Control the motion of the needle.

7. Operation Bar: Actuates and stops the carriage. Also used for clearing operation errors.

8. Stop Switch: The purpose is to machine in an emergency only.

9. Side Cover: Installed at the both sides of safety cover.

10. Safety Cover: Suppresses the noise and dust.

11. Side Tension Equipment: Pulls the yarn fed to the feeder to create tension as tension equipment does.

12. Carrier Rail: Used for the carrier to move on.

13. Controller: Loads knitting data for floppy disk and command the machine to execute the data. Modifying and inputting data are available in controller.

14. Lock Lever: By execute this lever, the sub roller is pressed and comes into contact with the main roller. Pull the lever toward you to release the sub roller from the main roller. Press the lever downward to engage the sub roller.

15. Main Power Switch: Cuts off power supply. This switch has emergency stop function. In case of an emergency, turn this switch off.

16. Oil Pump: Supplies oil to the brush holder and the racking side plate.

17. Breaker Switch: This protects the machine from odd power source to the turned off automatically. The breaker switch is back side of controller.

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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