Four Point System | Textile Specification and Evaluation

Textile Specification and Evaluation:
All textile inspections will be conducted in accordance with the Four Point System.

The Four Point System derives its name from the basic grading rules:
  1. No more than four penalty points may be assigned for any single defect.
  2. No more than four penalty points may be assigned to one linear yard, regardless of the number of defects within that one yard.
Penalty Point Evaluation:
Defects in both the warp/weft direction will be assigned points using the following criteria:
  • 1 point -Defects size not exceeding 3”
  • 2 points -Defects size exceeding 3” but not exceeding 6”
  • 3 points -Defects size exceeding 6” but not exceeding 9”
  • 4 points -Defects size exceeding 9”
1. A continuous defect running (9”) or longer shall be assigned four points for each yard in which it occurs within the shipment. 
Garment inspection
2. For continuous defects such as side to side shading, side-center-side shading, end to end shading, off shade, no penalty points shall be assigned. However, the entire roll shall be graded as “Second Quality” whole lot cannot be shipped.

The following fabric penalty point grading standards are to be used when inspecting all textiles. The standards are intended to be comprehensive; rise to occasion, whenever a specific fabric condition is not described. When this occurs, the shipment will be aborted if the inspection was failed, and the inspection service will contact the garment contractor/supplier for disposition.

Running Defect:
Any defects found to repeat and/ or run in a continuous manner will constitute a running defect. Any running defect will be assigned four penalty points for each yard in which the defect occurs. For a roll containing more than five continuous yards per100 linear yards with running defects, the whole roll will be graded as second quality and cannot be shipped.

Full Width Defects:
  1. Any roll that contains more than six full width defects per 100 linear yards shall be graded as second quality and cannot be shipped.
  2. No roll will be accepted as an A grade roll which contains a full width defect in the first or last three yards. This roll will be graded as B grade.
  3. No roll will be accepted as first quality where baggy cloth occurs. A roll which exhibits a noticeable degree of looseness (waviness) or tightness along either or both selvedge or ripples, puckers, folds, creases in the body of the fabric and would prevent the fabric from lying flat when being spread in a conventional manner. This roll will be graded as second quality and cannot be shipped.
Holes and Dropped Stitches:
A hole consists of two or more broken yarns and is considered to be a defect. A hole or a dropped stitch, regardless of size will be penalized maximum of 4 points.

Roll Length Verification:
  1. Any roll of less than 30 yards in length shall be graded as second quality and cannot be shipped. The roll ticket length will be verified during the inspection
Points Calculation:
Textiles are evaluated on square yard consumption. The formula used to determine the point count level of a roll of fabric is as follows:

1. Individual piece: ( Points per linear yard ×36”×100 square yard ) / (Cuttable width in inches ×inspected yard)

=Points for 100 square yards

2. Average Shipment piece: (Total points per linear yard × 36”×100 sqr yard) / (Total inspected yards × average cuttable width)

=Average points per 100 square yard per shipment
  • The average point value per shipment should not exceed 20 points per 100 square yards and not contain any second quality / rejected roll.
  • A grade acceptance- Individual roll within 25 points per 100 square yards.
  • B grade acceptance- Individual roll within 26-30 points per 100 square yards.
  • Second quality /Rejected-Individual roll with in 25points per 100 square yards.
  • Maximum 20% of “B” grade fabric yards are allowed with in a shipment. 
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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