Different Parts of Dewatering Machine And Their Functions


Dewatering Machine:
De-Watering machine plays an important role in knit finishing section of the knit fabrics. De-watering machine is used for reducing water from the wet fabric. It reduces the water content of the fabric. 

Different Parts of Dewatering Machine
Dewatering Machine Parts and Their Functions: 
De-watering machine has different parts and every single part has specific functions. Followings are de-watering machine parts name with their functions.
  1. Hand Wheel: It is a manual process. It is used for guide the spreader.
  2. Turn Tube: Fabric rotation is controlled by turn tube. It also helps in fabric feeding to the spreader.
  3. Squeezing Roller: It is the main part of the de-watering machine. Water of the wet fabric is squeezed by the squeezing roller.
  4. Guide Wheel: Guide wheel helps to feed the fabric into the squeezing roller. 
  5. Spreader: When fabric is dye in a dyeing machine it found in rope form. After dyeing, when dyed fabric is put in basket it also remains in rope position. By spreader we can open fabric from the rope position. It can be spread and compressed in width direction by its hydraulic cylinder.
  6. Security Shield: Security shield is an emergency switch settled with a plastic board very near to the padder. When it is close to the padder it is on and when it is pulled back then it is off. In case a big knot is going to pass the padder then it immediately pulls back the board to stop the machine. It is an automatic system to ensure the security of the padder. It helps to avoid any types of incidence.
  7. Air Injection Switch: It pushes air into fabric to turn it to ballooning form. It helps to turn the rope form fabric into open form.
  8. Photocell: Photocell is an auto sensor which control air injection.
During de-watering process, softener is applying to the knit fabric. Also, various types of chemicals can be applied on the fabric by this de-watering machine. It is important to maintain uniform tension during operation otherwise GSM of the can be vary in different parts of the fabric.

Special Features of Dewatering Machine:
  1. Single squeeze roller and single padder present.
  2. One for squeezing and other for applying softener finished.
  3. Above 80% water can be removed
  4. Maximum 60 inch diameter can be extended.
  5. Softener tank present.
Maintenance During Operation :
  1. Proper balloon form by compressor air other wise crease mark appears.
  2. Padder contract point adjust perfectly according to the fabric construction otherwise accurate water will not remove.
  3. Albatros must be clean every one or two hours later.
Specification of Dewatering Machine:
  • Brand Name: Santex ag
  • Company: Santex ag
  • Origin : Switzerland
  • Model: CH-9555,Tobel
  • Overfeed Range : -5% to +10%
  • Year of Manufacture: 1998
  • Type: Santastretch Plus-140
  • Max Working Speed: 80 m/min
  • Normal working Speed : 40~ 60 m/min
Parameters Used For Different Constructed Fabric :
For Cotton Fabric:


Fabric Type


Overfeed %

Stretch %

Folder Tension

Machine Speed(m/min)


Single Jersey


+8%  to +10%

2”-3”


-14% to -15%


60 -65


Single Lacoste


+4%  to +5%


2”-4”


-17% to -18%

60 -65


Polo Pique


+3%  to +4%


3”-4”


-17% to -18%


60 -65


Interlock

-1.5%  to +2.5%


8”-10”


-18% to -20%


55 -60

Rib


+4.5%  to +5%


--


-14% to -15.5%


60 -65

For Polyester Fabric:


Fabric Type


Overfeed %

Stretch %

Folder Tension

Machine Speed(m/min)


Single Jersey


+3%  to +4%

2”-3”


-16% to -18%


55 -60


Single Lacoste


+4%  to +5%


3”-4”


-18% to -20%

55 -60


Polo Pique


+1%  to +2%


3”-4”


-17% to -18%


55 -60


Interlock

-3%  to -4.5%


5”-6”


-18% to -20%


55 -60

Rib


+3%  to +4%


--


-14% to -16%


60 -65


N.B : This Data’s are varied depending upon the Gray G.S.M and Finished G.S.M and also on the dia of the fabric. All this parameters are suitable for G.G.S.M range 140~160 to get Fin.G.S.M 170~185 without Lycra Fabric. All This data`s are practiced in mills which may varied factory to factory.

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