Textile Raw Material (TRM) | Different Types of Textile Raw Material

Textile Raw Material:
Raw material is a unique substance in any production oriented textile industry. It plays a vital role in continuous production and for high quality fabric.

Textile raw materials are selected as per the manufacturing policy of the company i.e. whether a composite mill or only a spinning, weaving or dyeing /finishing.

Types of Textile Raw Material:
  1. Fiber
  2. Fabric
  3. Dye stuff
  4. Chemical and auxiliaries
Nature presents a large variety of fibers. Beside this it is possible today to produce a number of different kinds of man made fibers but only a relatively small amount of this is actually used in textile industry.
Jute fiber
Fiber is a matter which includes flexibility, fineness and a high ratio of length to thickness . It is necessary at least length to diameter ratio is 1000 to consider a fiber.

Some additional characteristics are the required for textile fibers, such as stability at high temperature, a certain minimum strength & extensibility.

Name and Source:

  1. Cotton
  2. Silk 
  3. Jute
  4. Wool
  5. Polyester
  6. Nylon
  7. Spandex
  8. Flax
  9. Acrylic
  10. Aramid
  11. Polyethylene
  12. Polypropylene etc.
Fabric is a planar textile structure produces by interlacing yarns, fibers, or filaments. It may be woven, knitted and nonwoven.

Name and Source:
  1. 100 % Cotton fabric
  2. CVC fabric
  3. PC fabric
  4. 2*2 Lycra rib fabric
  5. Lycra single jerseyfabric
  6. Viscose Lycra
  7. Double lacoste
  8. Plain Interlock
  9. 100% Polyester fabric
  10. Grey mélange etc.
Dyes :
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution, and requires a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber.

The following dyes are used:
  1. Reactive dye
  2. Disperse dye
  3. Acid dye
  4. Basic dye
  5. Direct dye
  6. Sulfur dye
  7. Azoic dye
  8. Vat dye
Chemical and Auxiliaries:
Dyeing auxiliaries mean a chemical or formulated chemical product which enables a processing operation in preparation, dyeing, printing or finishing to be carried out more effectively, or which is essential if a given effect is to be obtained.
  1. Sequestering agent.
  2. Lubricants / Anticreasant.
  3. Pretreatment Chemicals
  4. Levelling and Dispersing Agent.
  5. Sewuestering, Dispersing and Levelling Agentfor Reactive dyeing.
  6. Antifoam.
  7. pH Control and buffer system.
  8. Desizing Agent
  9. Yarn Lubricant
  10. Mercerising agent
  11. Dyefixing agent
  12. Optical Brightener.
  13. Soaping Agent / Washing off Agent.
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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