Moth Proofing Finishing Process of Fabric

Moth Proofing:
“Moth proofing is a finishing which is given to prevent the growth of moth.” It is one kind of special finishing process of textile.

It is a chemical and property giving finish.

Purpose of Moth Proofing:
It is mainly carried out on wool fabrics as the keratin molecules are consumed by moths as food.

Since woolen fabrics are costlier, they have to be protected from moth.

Moth is a small insect that feeds on substances like keratin and fibroin and so animal fibres are more susceptible to the attack of moth.
Moth proof finished bag
Woolen and worsted materials are attacked by moth and quickly eaten away and the housewives have to be very careful in preserving such garments.

Requirements:
The finish should not affect the strength, drape, handle, softness, fastness property of dyed fabric and it should not cause any irritation to the human skin.

The finish should be fast to wash, light and laundering.

Process of Moth Proofing
Moth proofing can be done in the following ways:
  1. By exposing the material to sunlight or sulphur-di-oxide.
  2. Using Naphthalene balls and para dichloro benzene.
  3. Using some substances containing fluorine such as Sodium fluoride, Aluminium fluoride, Potassium fluoride, and Sodium antimony fluoride.
  4. Using soluble solvents such as Dichloro Beneze, Sulphomethylamid and Dichloro Trichloro ethane.
  5. Evlan-BL and Mittin FF also produce moth proofing. These are the bet mothicides.
Process Sequence:
Pad-dry-cure
Concentration-20% on the weight of the material.

Author of This Article:
MD. JASIMUDDIN MANDAL

COLLEGE: GOVT. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY, SERAMPORE (UNDER WEST BENGAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY)
Email ID: jasimmandal@gmail.com
Contact: +8820662240







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