Bio Textile | Application of Biotechnology in Textiles | Importance of Bio-Technology in Textile Processing

Application of living organism to the industries are called bio textile. Biotechnology in Textile Processing examines recent trends, techniques, and developments in the finishing and processing of natural fibers. Biotextiles are structures composed of textile fibers designed for use in specific biological environments where their performance depends on biocompatibility and biostability with cells and biological fluids. Bio-Textile is the latest and updated technology for Textile Industry where the Enzymes are used in different process in order to achieve different goals. Living organism is used to carry out the enzymatic process. Biotextiles include implantible devices such as surgical sutures, hernia repair fabrics, arterial grafts, artificial skin and parts of artificial hearts.

Application of Biotechnology/Enzymes in Textiles:
The use of Bio textile is growing day by day in various textile industries and hope within very shorter will use it to make our environment be free from the contamination. In a textile industry the enzymatic process is used basically to remove sizing starch from the woven fabric. It also used in the Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP).

The use of enzymes in wet processing results in time, energy and water savings; as well as improved production quality. The application of Enzymes in textile are growing swiftly and the enzyme processing firms tend to work in an environment where the process will consume less energy and works. Enzymes also used to fade up the denim or woven fabrics. It also used as bio-scouring, bio-polishing, silk digumming, peroxide removing agent, wool carbonizing, Reactive dyes washing and a lot of purposes.

Biotechnology in Textile Processing is an essential resource for scientists and consultants working at R&D institutes and universities, practitioners working in textile engineering, enzymology, biotechnology, and environmental protection, producers and processors of textiles, and for students.

Importance of Bio-Technology in Textile Processing:
The importance of using bio-technology in Textile is worth-mentioning. Let us know some of them

  1. Enzymatic process enhances the variety of plants used in Textile Fiber productions. It also influences the inner properties of fibres.
  2. The influence of enzymatic pre-treatment on color of bleached and dyed flax fibers
  3. It is very useful during waste managing.
  4. Prevents the adulteration.
  5. Bio-technology helps the quality control.
  6. Enhance the low energy type detergents.
  7. Using enzymes in finishing department.
  8. Used instead of harmful dyestuffs and chemical treatments.
  9. Tend to use micro-organism and bio-polymer in Textile which develop the total process of textile.
  10. Enzymatic scouring for better textile properties of knitted fabrics
  11. Designing wood fiber morphology and mechanical properties of fiberboards
  12. Enzymatic finishes of wool fabrics
  13. The effects of ultrasound on the performance of industrial enzymes used in cotton bio-preparation and bio-finishing applications


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