Seamless Knitting Technology | Benefits of Seamless Knitting Technology

Seamless Knitting Technology:
Seamless knitting technology has entered the mainstream in the knitwear market at the end of last century. Seamless entire garment knitting was first introduced in 1995, at the International Textile Machinery Association.

Seamless knitted garment
Fig: Seamless knitted garment
Seamless knitting technology was introduces as one entire complete garment with minimal or no cutting and sewing process. This innovative technology was promising to eliminate post labor work. Moreover, it offered knitwear consumers more comfort and better fit by eliminating seams. Therefore, seamless technology promised great benefits to manufacturers as well as their consumers.

The most important is to be considered is a variety of benefits in technical aspects as well as in the market demands that complete knitting garment can offer .

First of all, there is no traditional labor (intensive cutting and sewing process ) because of the eliminating seam production. As a result, the tubular-typed seamless knitting give savings in terms of production, time and cost.

Seamless knitted fabric
Fig: Seamless knitted fabric
By decreasing the number of production processes such as the cutting or sewing steps, minimize the risk of defects and damages. A single entire piece production method is claimed to provide more consistent product quality. Consequently, seamless knitwear is promoted to look better, fit better and is believed to be much more comfortable than a traditional fashioned piece of knitwear. Seamless knitting also allows knit designers to create design structures and patterns across the entire garment. It is so simple how designers can program and style more sophisticated design structures and shaped patterns through the computerized design system.

Finally, seamless garment knitting create less harm for the global environment by minimizing waste disposal and reducing the need to grow as much as cotton, wool and other natural raw materials.

Recently, some companies such as Santoni, Sangiacomo, and Orizio Santoni, e.t.c. developed seamless garment machines and became the biggest supplier of the circular knitting machinery. For instance, Santoni, whosecustomers include Nike, Adidas, offers 14 different models of circular knitting machines, from 7 to 32 gauge. The machines produce swimwear, sportswear, outerwear, underwear.

Benefits of Seamless Knitting Technology:
We’ve highlighted some benefits of seamless knitting technology.
  1. Minimizing or eliminating labor intensive cutting and sewing process
  2. Savings in production times and cost
  3. Minimal yarn consumption
  4. Higher productivity
  5. Multi-gauge knitting
  6. Lightness and softness
  7. No bulky and irritating stitches/seams
  8. More constant product quality
  9. Better trimmability for finished edge lines
  10. Better look, better fit and more comfortable
  11. More creative possibilities for knitwear designers
  12. Quick-response production for size and pattern changes
  13. Just-in-time production
  14. Mass customization
The chart below shows the com­par­ison of waste by each method of man­u­fac­tur­ing when mak­ing a medium size ladies sweater.
Cut and Sew
30% loss of fab­ric due to cut­ting out of pat­tern on square of fab­ric = 130 grams wasted per garment.
14% mater­ial loss from 1 cm seams being knit­ted =700cm2 per garment.6% of total fab­ric area for yarn required to link gar­ment = 42 grams.
No waste – no link­ing required
Per 1000 garments:130 g x 1000 = 130 Kg of waste

130 Kg waste yarn = 48 sheep (based on 2.7 kg per sheep)

Final gar­ment weight = 300g
Final gar­ment weight = 136 grams
Final gar­ment weight = 128 grams
Author of This Article:

Mila Zolotaryova
Art college of Uzbekistan
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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