Printing Style | Direct Style of Printing, Flock Style of Printing, Discharge Style of Printing, Dyed Style of Printing, Resist/Reverse Style of Printing, Azoic Style of Printing, Metal Style of Printing, Crimp/Crepon Style of Printing

Style of Printing:
Style refers to the manner in which a particular action is performed; thus style of printing means the manner in which a printed effect is produced as distinct from the method which involves the means by which the pattern is produced. Style of printing involves certain mechanical operation and chemical reactions. Different styles of printing are described below:

Printing on fabric
Fig: Printing on fabric
Direct Style of Printing: A style of printing in one or several colours where the dyes are applied and then fixed by ageing or other appropriate means. The fabric is usually initially white but may sometimes have previously dyed.

Flock Style of Printing: A method of fabric ornamentation in which adhesive is printed on and then finely chopped fibres are applied all over by means of dusting-on, an air-blast, or electrostatic attraction. The fibres adhere only to the printed areas and are removed from the unprinted areas by mechanical action.

Discharge Style of Printing: This process is used to remove colour from a dyed fabric in a desired pattern. A paste containing a chemical with a bleaching effect is applied through a printing process. The fabric is then placed in a steam unit for a specified time. The steam has the effect of removing the colour from the fabric, leaving a lighter pattern in the printed areas. If desired, a non-dischargeable dye can be incorporated into the printing process to achieve a multicoloured design.

Dyed Style of Printing: This style consists of two steps: printing with a mordant and dyeing. After dyeing color only fixes in places where mordant was applied as a result a design is produced on the fabric.

Resist/Reverse Style of Printing: In this case fabric is first printed with a white or coloured resist salt and then dyed. A design is thus produced, as the dyestuff does not get fixed in places where the resist salt was applied.

Rasid Style of Printing: In this style fabric is first printed with a dead salt and subsequent wet treatment produce color in printed places.

Azoic Style of Printing: Fabric is printed with coupling compound of azoic dye and then padded with a diazo compound. Color show up in printed areas as only there the reaction between two compounds occur.

Metal Style of Printing: In the metal style of printing fabric is printed with silver or gold so;ution or non-removable resins.

Crimp/Crepon Style of Printing: Fabric is printed with thickened sodium hydroxide solution and then immersed in water. Thus only the printed areas shrink and an effect is produced.
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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