Enzyme Wash | Objects of Enzyme Wash | Enzyme Washing Process

Enzyme Wash:
Enzymes are bio chemical substances that behave as catalysts toward specific reactions. What makes very interesting the enzymes under a chemical point of view is their high specificity or in other words, their ability to attack selectively a given substrate. 
Enzyme washed female pant
Among the two traditional enzymes used in the treatments of denim garments (amylase to hydrolyze starches and cellulose to degrade in different way's cotton's cellulose) there is another enzyme that can be employed to attack selectively the molecule that constitutes the blue indigo colour resulting ineffective on other kind of dyes. 

The action of enzyme during enzyme wash, it hydrolysis the cellulose, at first it attacks the having projecting fiber and hydrolyzed them. Them it attacks the yarn portion inside fabric and partly hydrolyzed the yarn portion and fadded affect is produced. 

Type of Enzyme:
Mainly two types of enzyme used in Bangladesh. One is Acid Enzyme (liquid) and another is Neutral Enzyme. Neutral Enzyme is two types -a) Powder form b) Liquid form ie, SL Enzyme.

Acid Enzyme:
  • Acid enzyme colour is slightly brown.
  • pH range is 4.5 to 5.5
  • Temperature -40°c -55°c.
  • Time required 25 mts to 50 mts.
  • Enzyme affects come within short time.
  • Staining/Bleeding occurs more in garments.
  • Production high.
Neutral Enzyme:
  • Enzyme is slightly white powder form.
  • pH range is 6 to 7.
  • Temperature -40°c -60°c.
  • Time required 40 to 70 mts.
  • Enzyme affects come slowly.
  • Less staining/bleeding on garments.
  • With pumic stone comes good affect/abrasion on garments.
  • In dark shade enzyme affect comes good.
SL Enzyme:
  • SL enzyme is liquid form.
  • pH range is 6 to 7.
  • Temperature range 40°c -60°c.
  • Time required 45 to 80 mts.
  • Enzyme affects come slowly.
  • Less staining/bleeding on garments.
  • With pumic stone come better affect.
  • In dark shade enzyme affect comes good.
Objects of Enzyme Wash:
Enzyme wash is required for the following reasons:-
  • To remove the size materials from the garments.
  • To remove the starch presents on the garments fabrics.
  • To achieve the high low abrasion (stone affect) on garment and seam abrasion in sewing area.
  • Enzyme attack as chemically not mechanically for this reason low damage/wastage then stone wash.
  • For soft feeling to wear the garment.
  • To achieve the buyer reference sample.
  • To increase the color fastness & rubbing fastness.
  • Especially develop the "Bio-Polishing" affect of cotton/denim.
  • Enzyme improves the anti-pilling properties.
  • Enzyme attacks more the surface of the fabrics and gives a very smooth surface.  
Advantage of Enzyme Washing:
  1. Soft handle and attractive clean appearance is obtained without severe damage to the surface of yarn.
  2. Simple process handling and minimum effluent problem.
  3. Better feel to touch and increased gloss or luster.
  4. Prevents tendency of pilling after relatively short period of wear.
  5. Can be applied on cellulose and its blend.
  6. Due to mild condition of treatment process is less corrosive.
  7. Fancy colour-flenced surface can be obtained without or a partial use of stone.
  8. More reproducible effect can be obtained.
  9. It allows more loading of the garment into machines.
  10. Environmental friendly treatment.
  11. Less damage to seam edges and badges.
  12. Wear and tear of equipment is minimum due to absence of stone.
  13. Use of softener can be avoided or minimised.
  14. Easy handling of floor and severs as messy sludge of stones does not interfere.
  15. Due to absence of stone, labour intensive operation of stone removal is not required.
  16. Homogenous abrasion of the garments.
  17. Puckering effect can also be obtained. 
    Enzyme Washing Process:
    I have also written article on Enzyme Wash in medium shade. The enzyme washing process of batch of 60 kgs denim men's long pants (Trouser) are described below:-

    First Step:Desizing
    1. Lot weight (80 pes) ............ 60 kg denim long pant.
    2. Add water @ L : R = 1 : 9 .............. 540 Litre
    3. Machine Running.
    4. Temperature.......................... 60°c.
    5. Add Desizing agent @ 0.6 gm / litre ............ 324 gm.
    6. Add Detergent @ 0.8 gm / litre.................... 432 gm.
    7. Time...............................10--20 mts.
    8. Drop the liquor.
    9. Wash 1 time by cold water.
    Second Step:Enzyme
    1. Add water @ L : R = 1 : 8 .............. 450 Litre
    2. Temperature.......................... 45°c.
    3. Add Acetic Acid @ 0.6 gm / litre ................... 270 gm.
    4. Add Anti back staining @ 0.6 gm / litre........ 270 gm.
    5. Add Acid Enzyme @ 2.00 gm / litre ................ 900 gm.
    6. Time .............. (Depend upon the shade )...40--60 mts.
    7. Increase temperature to 90°c and run 1 minute (enzyme killing).
    8. Drain the bath.
    9. Rinse Twice, each 3 minutes.
    Third Step:Softening
    1. Add water @ L : R = 1 : 8 ..................... 450 Litre.
    2. Add Acetic Acid @ 0.6 gm / litre ............ 270 gm.
    3. Cationic Softner @ 1 gm / litre.............. 450 gm.
    4. Temperature................................... Cold.
    5. Time ................................................ 15 to 20 mts.
    6. Drain the bath.
    7. Then unload the garments on trolley.
    Fourth Step: Hydroextractor Machine
    After unloading garments from the washing machine then they are sent to hydroextractor machine to remove excess water from the washed garments.

    Fifth Step:Drying Machine
    1. Load 60 kg garments to gas dryer.
    2. Temperature set -75°c to 85°c.
    3. Run about 40 mts.
    4. After then run 10 mts in cold dryer.
    Sixth Step: Delivery 
    After dryer, garment goes to quality section for quality checking and good one delivery. 

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