Fibers are units of matter characterized by flexibility, fineness and high ratio of length to thickness. Other necessary attribute for textiles are adequate strength and resistance to conditions encountered during wears, as well as absence of undesirable colour, and finally the property of dye ability.
In generally, the steps in the manufacture of fabrics from raw material to finished goods are as follows:
- Fibre, which is either spun (or twisted) into yarn or else directly compressed into fabric.
- Yarn, which is woven, knitted, or otherwise made into fabric.
- Fabric, which by various dyeing and finishing processed becomes consumers goods.
Classification of Fibers According to Dyeing Properties
Polyurethane elastic fibre (spandex/ lycra)