Acid Wash | Objects of Acid Wash | Process of Acid Wash for Garment

Acid Wash:
During Acid wash, pumic stones are used. By the action of pumic stones, irregular fading affect is developed on the heavy garments like denims, thick canvas/twill, and sweater. The pumic stones act a brushing action on the garment fabric surface. The area where more brushing action takes place there more dicolour or fadding affect is developed and the area where less brushing action takes place less brushing action and takes place less fadding affect will be developed. The multi-layer fabric areas like –collar, calf, pocket, placket, side seam etc area will be brushed more than the single layer areas. As a result irregular fadding affect will be developed on the garments fabric surface. Thus in this way fading affect may be developed on the garment by acid wash technique.
 
Acid washed pant
Objects of Acid Wash:
1. To produce irregular fading effects or old looking effect.
2. For soft feeling to wear the garments i.e. to improve softness.
3. To achieve the buyer washing standard.
4. To increase rubbing fastness.

Acid Wash Process:
A processor Acid wash of 60 kg batch of Denim Trouser as mentioned below:-

First Step: Pretreatment/Desizing.

  1. Add water @ L : R = 1 : 10 .............. 600 litres.
  2. Start Machine.
  3. Add desizing agent @ 1 gm/litre .................600 Gms.
  4. Add detergent @ 1 gm/litre ........................ 600 Gms.
  5. Temperature............................. 60°c.
  6. Time........................... 20 mts.
  7. Drop the liquor.
  8. Rinse one for 3 minutes (cold).
Second Step:Hot wash
  1. Add water @ L: R = 1: 10.............. 600 litres.
  2. Temperature............................. 60°c.
  3. Time........................... 5 mts.
  4. Drop the liquor.
  5. Here hot wash is used to remove the adhering materials from the garment surface.
  6. Unload the garments from the washing m/c in the trolley.
  7. Load the pre treated garments in the dryer m/c.
  8. Dry the garment completely & unload the garments.
  9. The pumic stones used for acid wash need to pre-treat in the following chemical solution:
  10. Water ..................... 100 L
  11. Potassium per manganate.............. 1000 Gms.
  12. Phosphoric Acid............................... 250 Gms.
  13. Stire the solution in a stainless steel tub with dry pumic stone.
  14. Soak the stones with the chemical solution ......... 10 –15 minutes.
  15. The stones will pick up the solution. Then the soaked stones are dried in the open air for.............. 2 to 3 hrs.
  16. Then pre-treated garment 30 –40 kg per batch load in the dry washing machine.
  17. Load the per-treated stones (about 50 kg) in washing machine.
  18. Start machine running for each batch ........................ 7 to 10 mts.
  19. Stop machine running.
  20. Unload the treated garment separately. Pumic stones with P.P. solution hit on garment surface as a result fadding will be developed.
  21. Then load the stones treated garment in another washing machine.
Third Step:Wash for Cleaning
  1. Batch wt................................ 70 kg.
  2. Add water @ L: R = 1: 8.............. 560 litres.
  3. Add detergent @ 1 gm/litre .............560 Gms.
  4. Temperature............................. 40°c -50°c.
  5. Time ..................................10 mts.
  6. Drop the liquor.
  7. Here detergent is used to remove the breaking stone dust and chemicals from the garment surface.
Fourth Step:Whitening/Neutralization
  1. Add water @ L: R = 1: 8.............. 560 litres.
  2. Machine running.
  3. Add Metabisulphite @ 5 gm/litre..... 2800 Gms.
  4. Cold temperature.
  5. Time 5 mts.
  6. Drop the liquor.
Fifth Step: Soft Wash
  1. Add water @ L: R = 1: 7.............. 490 litres.
  2. Machine running.
  3. Add Acetic acid @ 0.6 gm/litre ..................... 294 Gms.
  4. Add Softner @ 1 gm/litre ........................ 490 Gms.
  5. Then unload the garments.
Sixth Step:Hydro Extractor Machine
Seventh Step:Dryer Machine.
  • After hydro extraction the garments are sent to drying m/c for complete drying.
Eighth Step:Quality & Delivery.
  • After drying the garments go to quality checking & rectify washing fault and then good one delivery.
Precaution:
  • Maintain the stock solution properly constant when comes socking the stone.
  • No water licks age in to the machine when treated pumic stone & garments in to the machine.
  • Not excess load the garments in the Acid wash processing.
  • Add some new stone after finishing on batch to maintain the volume for 2nd batch. It is a mater of experience. 
 

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