What is Garment Wash? | Types of Garment Washing | Procedure of Garment Washing

Garment Wash:
Indigo jeans were once the only item processed by the garment washing method, but this is no longer the case. A wide variety of different types of woven and knit fabrics dyed by different systems are now used in apparel that is garment washed before retail distribution. Emphasis is on comfort and softness. Also, some fashion trends favor the broken-in look and worn/faded seams that can only be achieved through garment processing. 
garment washing
Fig: Garment washing
Types of Garment Washing:
The different types/methods of washing are mensioned below:

Primarily garment washing are two types

1. Wet process/Chemical process
2. Dry process/Mechanical process

1. Wet process/Chemical process

  • Normal wash/ garment wash/rinse wash
  • Pigment wash
  • Caustic wash
  • Enzyme wash
  • Stone wash
  • Stone enzyme wash
  • Tinting (Tie) & Over Dyeing(Dip Dyeing)
  • Super white wash
  • Bleach wash
  • Acid wash
  • Silicon wash
  • Soft wash
2. Dry process/Mechanical process
  • Sand blasting
  • Hands scraping
  • Over all wrinkles
  • Permanent wrinkle
  • Broken and tagging
  • Grinding and destroy
  • PP spray and PP sponging etc.
Procedure of Garment Washing:
  1. Garments can be inverted to minimize unwanted abrasion streaks (especially useful when preset creases are present).
  2. Load machine with garments.
  3. Desize with alpha amylase enzyme and detergent.
  4. Drain.
  5. Rinse.
  6. Fill machine with water and heat to 60◦C. The liquor ratio can range from 10:1 to 20:1. A number of synthetic detergents can be used. Also, alkaline products such as soda ash or caustic soda can be added in amounts ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 grams/liter. Some chemical suppliers offer special products that accelerate the wash down process, dependent upon the particular dyestuff used.
  7. Wash/tumble action for 20-60 minutes, depending upon desired effect.
  8. Drain and rinse.
  9. Apply softener.
  10. Tumble dry.
  11. Invert garments, if previously turned.
  12. Press, if required.
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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