Main Features of a Knitting Machine | Parts of a Knitting Machine

Main Features of a Knitting Machine:

A knitting machine is thus an apparatus for applying mechanical movement, either hand or power derived, to primary knitting elements, in order to convert yarn into knitted loop structures. The machine in corporate and co-ordinates the action of a number of mechanisms and devices, each performing specific functions that contribute towards the efficiency of the knitting action. 
Knitting Machine
The main features of a knitting machine are listed below:
1. Frame: The frame, normally free-standing and either circular or rectilinear according to needle bed shape, provides the support for the majority of the machines mechanisms. 

2. Power supply: The machine control and drive system co-ordinates the power for the Drive of the devices and mechanisms.

3. Yarn supply or feeding: The yarn supply consists of the yarn package or beam accommodation, tensioning devices, yarn feed control and yarn feed carriers or guides.

4. Knitting action: The knitting system includes the knitting elements, their housing, drive and control, as well as associated pattern selection and garment- length control devices (if equipped).

5. Fabric Take-away: The fabric take away mechanism includes fabric tensioning, windup and accommodation devices.

6. Quality control: The quality control system includes stop motions, fault detectors, automatic oilers and lint removal systems.

Machines may range from high-production, limited-capability models to versatile, multi-purpose models having extensive patterning capabilities. The more complex the structure being knitted, the lower the knitting speed and efficiency. The simplest of the knitting machines would be hand- powered and manipulated where as power-driven machines may be fully automatically-programmed and controlled from a computer system. 
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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