Inroduction of Pigment | Properties/Qualities of a Good Pigment | Trade Name of Pigments | Classification of Pigment

What is Pigment?
Pigments are insoluble coloring matter mostly organic and inorganic (mineral origin) have been used for the coloration of metal wood, stone, and textile material. Pigments have no direct affinity to textile fibers. They are fixed on textile materials with the help of a binding agent in form of a thin invisible coating.

Properties/Qualities of a Good Pigment:
  1. Pigment should have minimum particle sizes (0.2-0.4)
  2. Pigment should have maximum covering power.
  3. Pigment should have freely mixing power.
  4. Pigment should be chemically inert.
  5. Pigment should have good resistance to chemicals.
  6. Pigment should be resistance to solvent.
  7. Pigment should have acceptable brilliance, hardness and stability on dyed and printed goods
  8. Pigment should have good wet , light, and abrasion resistance.
  9. Pigment should have good characteristics for excellent dispersion including:
  • Particle size and distribution
  • Electrical charge
  • Specific gravity
  • Purity and crystalline structure
  • Condition of precipitation
  • Should be applied to all fiber
  • Should be cheap
Trade Name of Pigments:
  1. Acramine
  2. Acron
  3. Aquabond
  4. Helizarine
  5. Imperon
  6. Noepralae
  7. Seabond, lifebond
  8. Syntrofix
Classification of Pigment :
Pigments are two types. These are:
  1. Organic
  2. Inorganic
1. Organic
  • Azo pigments
  • Phthalocyanine pigments
  • Quinacridone pigments
  • Iso-indoline pigments
2. Inorganic
  • White pigments  
  • Colored inorganic pigments   


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