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Chemical Composition of Textile Fiber (Natural) | Chemical Composition of Cotton Fiber/Jute Fiber/Linen/Flax Fiber/Hemp Fiber/Sisal Fiber/Coir Fiber/Wool Fiber/Silk Fiber

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Fiber
Chemical Composition of Natural Fiber:
Every fiber consists of some chemical elements. Such as cotton contains cellulose, protein, pectin etc. Wool contains keratin, dirt, suint etc. Chemical composition of natural fibers are given below:
Chemical Composition of Cotton Fiber:
  • Cellulose                                            94%
  • Protein                                               1.3%
  • Ash                                                    1.2%
  • Pectin                                                 1.2%
  • Oil, Fat and Wax                                0.6%
  • Sugar                                                 0.3%
  • Pigment                                              trace
  • Others                                                1.4%

Chemical Composition of Jute Fiber:
  • Cellulose                                            65.2%
  • Hemicellulose                                     22.2%
  • Lignin                                                10.8%
  • Water soluble                                    1.5%
  • Fats and wax                                     0.3%

Chemical Composition of Linen/Flax Fiber:
  • Cellulose                                          92%
  • Hemicellulose                                   2%
  • Lignin                                               4%
  • Others                                             2%

Chemical Composition of Hemp Fiber:
  • Cellulose                                         77.77%
  • Hemicellulose                                  10%
  • Lignin                                              6.8%
  • Pectin                                             2.9%
  • Fat & wax                                      0.90%
  • Water soluble                                 1.73%

Chemical Composition of Sisal Fiber:
  • Cellulose                                                71.5%
  • Hemicellulose                                        18%
  • Lignin                                                    6%
  • Pectin                                                    2.3%
  • Fat & wax                                             0.5%
  • Water soluble                                        1.7%

Chemical Composition of Coir Fiber:
  • Husk                                                              14%
  • Fiber                                                              22%
  • Pith                                                                16%
  • Kernel                                                            30%
  • Water                                                             18%

Chemical Composition of Wool Fiber:
  • Keratin                                                           33%
  • Dirt                                                                 26%
  • Suint                                                               28%
  • Fat                                                                 12%
  • Mineral matter                                                1%

Chemical Composition of Keratin:
  • Carbon                                                          50%
  • Hydrogen                                                       12%
  • Oxygen                                                          10%
  • Nitrogen                                                         25%
  • Sulfher                                                            3%

Chemical Composition of Silk Fiber:
  • Fibroin                                                          76%
  • Sericin                                                           22%
  • Fat & wax                                                     1.5%
  • Mineral salt                                                     0.5

 Author of This Article:



Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Fashion & Design
University of Chittagong

Contact:
Email: raju.uttara72@yahoo.com
Mobile: +8801722797194
Facebook: Raaz Noor





    1 comments:

    cotton textil said... Best Blogger Tips

    Cotton today is the most used textile fiber in the world. Its current market share is 56 percent for all fibers used for apparel and home furnishings and sold in the U.S.

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