Analysis of Fabric | Analysis of Sateen Woven Fabric Stracture

Experiment name: Analysis of woven fabric. (Sateen)

Object:
1. To know about the structure of fabric.
2. To know about the raw material of fabric.
3. To produce exactly the similar fabric.

Sample:

Apparatus:
1. Counting glass,
2. Needle,
3. Beesleys balance,
4. Twist tester,
5. GSM cutter,
6. Graph paper.

Analysis Sateen Fabric:

1. Weave plan: In graph the gaps between the lines are considered according to X axis as weft  threads and according to Y axis as warp threads. The up threads are indicated by filling up the gaps and down threads without filling up the gaps.

2. Drafting plan: According to British system drafting plan is drawn at the top of weave plan. Here broken draft is used to draft the plan.

3. Lifting plan: The lifting plan is drawn at the right side of the weave plan.

4. Face side and backside: The face side and back side are not same.

5. Direction of warp and weft: Direction of both warp and weft are indicated by arrow marks by the side of the sample.

6. Raw material: Both warp and weft yarns are filament.

 No. of reading EPI Average PPI Average 1 44 45 42 41 2 45 39 3 46 40 4 43 43 5 47 41

8. Yarn count:
 No. of reading Warp count Average Weft count Average 1 20 21 19 21 2 22 23 3 23 20 4 21 22 5 19 21

9. Yarn twist:
 No. of reading Warp twist Average Weft twist Average 1 X X X X 2 X X 3 X X 4 X X 5 X X

10. Direction of twist: As the yarns are filament so they have no twist.

11. Design of fabric: As it is a derivative of twill so it has no formula number.

12. GSM calculation: By GSM cutter we get the GSM of fabric is 130 gm/meter2.

13. Repeat size: The repeat size of this fabric is 24X24.

14. Type of loom: Dobby loom is used to produce this fabric.

End Use: This type of fabric is very much used for making towel, bed sheet, pillow, table cloth etc.

Conclusion:
Analysis of fabric structure is very essential to know about the fabric. Because it gives all kinds of information about the fabric that is needed to reproduce or to change structure or design of fabric. By this practical I learn how to analyse primarily a simple plain structure of woven fabric. Further I will learn more complex fabric analysis. But this basic structure analysis will be very much helpful not only to analyse those but also in my future career.