What is Textile Fiber? | Types of Textile Fiber

Print Friendly and PDFPrintPrint Friendly and PDFPDF

Fiber:
It is defined as one of the delicate, hair portions of the tissues of a plant or animal or other substances that are very small in diameter in relation to there length. A fiber is a material which is several hundred times as long as its thick.

Textile Fiber:
Textile fiber has some characteristics which differ between fiber to Textile fiber. Textile fiber can be spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by various methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, and twisting. The essential requirements for fibers to be spun into yarn include a length of at least 5 millimeters, flexibility, cohesiveness, and sufficient strength. Other important properties include elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, and luster.

Banana fiber is one kind of fiber but it is not a textile fiber. Because it can not fill up the above properties. So we can say that all fiber are not textile fiber.


Types of Textile Fiber:

Generally two types of fiber.

1. Natural fiber.
2. Manmade fiber.

Natural Fiber:

Natural fibers include those produced by plants, animals, and geological processes. They are biodegradable over time. They can be classified according to their origin.
 
A class name for various genera of fibers (including filaments) of: 
(1) animal (i.e., silk fiber and wool fiber); 
(2) mineral (i.e., asbestos fiber); or
(3) vegetable origin (i.e., cotton fiber, flax fiber, jute fiber, and ramie fiber).

Manmade Fiber:
It is also known as Manufactured fiber. Synthetic or man-made fibers generally come from synthetic materials such as petrochemicals. But some types of synthetic fibers are manufactured from natural cellulose; including rayon, modal, and the more recently developed Lyocell.
A class name for various genera of fibers (including filaments) produced from fiber-forming substances which may be: 
 
(1) Polymers synthesized from chemical compounds, e.g., acrylic fiber, nylon fiber, polyester fiber, polyethylene fiber, polyurethane fiber, and polyvinyl fibers; 
 
(2) Modified or transformed natural polymers, e.g., alginic and cellulose-based fibers such as acetates fiber and rayons fiber; and 
 
(3) Minerals, e.g., glasses. The term manufactured usually refers to all chemically produced fibers to distinguish them from the truly natural fibers such as cotton, wool, silk, flax, etc.e.g: Glass fiber,


2 comments:

Anonymous said... Best Blogger Tips

Zakallah dear. This is Sadqah e jariya for you, becuase u spreading the knowledge.

Cheap 1300 number said... Best Blogger Tips

Thanks for sharing such an informative post.

Comment here

Textile Learner is the largest Textile Blog over the net. It is an ultimate reference for textile students. It describes textile articles in comprehensive. It also supplies news on latest textile technology, educational institute news of the world.