What is Textile Fiber? | Types of Textile Fiber

Fiber:
It is defined as one of the delicate, hair portions of the tissues of a plant or animal or other substances that are very small in diameter in relation to there length. A fiber is a material which is several hundred times as long as its thick.

Textile Fiber:
Textile fiber has some characteristics which differ between fiber to Textile fiber. Textile fiber can be spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by various methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, and twisting. The essential requirements for fibers to be spun into yarn include a length of at least 5 millimeters, flexibility, cohesiveness, and sufficient strength. Other important properties include elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, and luster.

Banana fiber is one kind of fiber but it is not a textile fiber. Because it can not fill up the above properties. So we can say that all fiber are not textile fiber.


Types of Textile Fiber:

Generally two types of fiber.

1. Natural fiber.
2. Manmade fiber.

Natural Fiber:

Natural fibers include those produced by plants, animals, and geological processes. They are biodegradable over time. They can be classified according to their origin.
 
A class name for various genera of fibers (including filaments) of: 
(1) animal (i.e., silk fiber and wool fiber); 
(2) mineral (i.e., asbestos fiber); or
(3) vegetable origin (i.e., cotton fiber, flax fiber, jute fiber, and ramie fiber).

Manmade Fiber:
It is also known as Manufactured fiber. Synthetic or man-made fibers generally come from synthetic materials such as petrochemicals. But some types of synthetic fibers are manufactured from natural cellulose; including rayon, modal, and the more recently developed Lyocell.
A class name for various genera of fibers (including filaments) produced from fiber-forming substances which may be: 
 
(1) Polymers synthesized from chemical compounds, e.g., acrylic fiber, nylon fiber, polyester fiber, polyethylene fiber, polyurethane fiber, and polyvinyl fibers; 
 
(2) Modified or transformed natural polymers, e.g., alginic and cellulose-based fibers such as acetates fiber and rayons fiber; and 
 
(3) Minerals, e.g., glasses. The term manufactured usually refers to all chemically produced fibers to distinguish them from the truly natural fibers such as cotton, wool, silk, flax, etc.e.g: Glass fiber,


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Editor-in-Chief:

Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.


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