Textile Testing | Objects of Textile Testing | Different Types of Textile Testing | Fiber Test/Yarn Test/Fabric Test

Testing:
The process to determine the properties of different kinds of substance is called testing. Testing is an important segment of the textile industry. We can easily detect the faults of machinery and materials during test of textiles. Besides, textile testing needs to assure compliance with changing governmental safety regulations and to meet increasing consumer demand for high-quality textiles and apparel.
 
Different textile testing
Fig: Different textile testing
Types of Testing:
  1. Routine process testing
  2. Quality record testing
Objects of Testing:
  1. Research
  2. Selection of raw material
  3. Process control
  4. Product control
  5. Process development
  6. Product development
  7. Specification test
Factors affecting test result:
  1. Atmospheric conditions during test.
  2. Method of test.
  3. Testing instruments used.
  4. The efficiency of technicians etc. 
The necessary Test of different Textiles:

Fiber Test:

  1. Identification of fiber
  2. Grading
  3. Fiber length
  4. Strength and elongation ;tensile properties
  5. Fineness or linear density test
  6. Maturity test
  7. Trash, neps test etc.
Yarn Test:
  1. Yarn count or linear density
  2. Twist per unit length
  3. Strength and elongation i.e. tensile properties
  4. Appearance
  5. Evenness and regularity
  6. Hairiness
Fabric Test:
  1. Strength and elongation test i.e. tensile properties
  2. Width
  3. Thickness
  4. Number of ends and picks per unit length
  5. The count of yarn used
  6. Fabric weight per unit length
  7. Design and construction of the cloth
  8. Air permeability
  9. Thermal properties
  10. Stiffness, handle, drape
  11. Crease resistance and recovery
  12. Abrasion
  13. Pilling
  14. Shrinkage
  15. Water absorbency or resistance etc. 
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Editor-in-Chief:

Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.


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