Flowchart of Wet Processing for Cotton Goods/Cotton Fabric

Wet processing is one of the important branch of textile engineering. Which refers to textile chemicals process engineering and applied science. Wet processing is done generally for two types of textile material. One is natural textile material and another is synthetic or manmade textile material. Among textile goods, cotton goods or fabric are widely done wet process. In this article I have given flow chart of wet processing for cotton goods.

wet processing for cotton goods
Fig: Wet processing for cotton goods
Flowchart of Wet Processing for Cotton Goods

Grey Cloth

Inspection

Stitching and Sewing

Shearing and Seropping

Brushing

Singeing

Desizing

Scouring

Bleaching

Souring

Washing

Drying

Mercerizing

Printing

Fixing/Curing

After Treatment

Finishing

Inspection

Packing

Baling


Functions of important process of wet processing of cotton goods are briefly described below:

Inspection: Neps, warp end breakage, weft end breakage, hole spot remove.

Stitching: Smaller length of fabric becomes larger length of fabric.

Singeing: Projecting or floating fiber remove.

Desizing: Size material remove.

Scouring: Using alkali (NaOH, Sodium carbonate) for increasing absorbency of fabric.

Bleaching: Becoming permanent white.

Dyeing: It is the most important process for wet processing. It’s function is color produce on fabric.

Mercerizing: To increase the lusture of fabric.

Printing: It is another important process of wet processing. It’s function to apply specific color on fabric.

Finishing: It is done for consumer satisfaction.
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Editor-in-Chief:

Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.


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