Fabric Stiffness Testing | Determination of Fabric Stiffness by Shirley Stiffness Tester

Name of the Experiment: Determination of fabric stiffness by Shirley Stiffness Tester.

Introduction:
Stiffness is a special property of fabric. It is the tendency of fabric to keep standing without any support. It is a key factor in the study of handle and drape of fabric.



Shirley Stiffness Tester
Objectives:
To measure the stiffness of the given fabric sample.

Theory:
A rectangular strip of fabric, 6 in. x 1 in., is mounted on a horizontal platform in such a way that it over change, like a cantilever, and bends downwards as shown in figure.


Three specimens in warp way and three in weft are usually tested and since he relative humidity can affect the results the test should be made in a standard testing atmosphere. The horizontal platform of the instrument is supported by two side pieces made of plastic. Attached to the instrument is a mirror which enables the operator to view both index lines from a convenient position. The scale of the instrument is graduated in centimeters of bending length and it also serves as the template for cutting the specimens to size.

Apparatus:
1. Stiffness Tester
2. Scissor
3. Scale

Sample:
Cotton woven fabric
Size: 6 X 1².

Atmosphere:
Temperature – 25oC and relative humidity – 67%
Standard atmosphere: temperature – 20oC and relative humidity - 65%.

M/c specification:
Name: Shirley Stiffness Tester

Procedure:
1. To carry out a test the specimen is cut to size 6 in. x 1 in. with the aid of the template.
2. Both the template and specimen are transferred to the platform with the fabric underneath.
3. Now both are slowly pushed forward.
4. The strip of the fabric will commence to droop over the edge of the platform and the movement of the template and the fabric is continued until the tip of the specimen viewed in the mirror cuts both index lines.
5. The bending length can immediately be read off from the scale mark opposite a zero line engraved on the side of the platform.
6. Each specimen is tested four times, at each end and again with the strip turned over.
7. In this way three samples are tested.
8. Finally mean values for the bending length in warp and weft directions can be calculated.

Data:

S/n

Warp (CMS)
Weft (CMS)


Right
Left
Mean
Right
Left
Mean
1
F
2.1
2.15
2.66
2
2.39
2.51
B
2.25
2.25
2.68
2.75
2
F
3.1
3.15
2.4
2.2
B
2.89
2.97
2.75
2.9
3
F
2.5
2.89
2.2
2.25
B
2.75
2.95
2.71
2.85
Table: Bending length obtained from test

Result:
The bending length of the fabric in warp way is 2.66 cms.
The bending length of the fabric in weft way is is 2.51 cms.

Remark:
If the bending length of the fabric is more than fabric stiffness is more and if less stiffness is less. From the experiment we see that the bending length of the given fabric is average both in warp and weft way. So the stiffness of the sample fabric is average.


1 comments:

Uzzal Hossen said...

Your blog are impressive to each other.I read your blog its very good and friendly, Helpful for all

Comment here

Textile Learner is the largest Textile Blog over the net. It is an ultimate reference for textile students. It describes textile articles in comprehensive. It also supplies news on latest textile technology, educational institute news of the world.