### Building Mechanism of Speed Frame / Roving Frame / Simplex Machine

Name of the experiment: Study on the building mechanism of speed frame.

Objects:

1. To provide reversing motion of the bobbin rail.
2. To transfer the cone drum belt so that bobbin speed is decreased with the increase of bobbin dia.
3. To make the tapering shape pf the bobbin.
 Speed frame
Function of building mechanism:
1. To transfer the cone drum belt.
2. To traverse the bobbin rail.
1) To transfer the cone drum belt:
This mechanism consists of following machine parts.

• Rack driving wheel.
• Rack
• Vertical shaft.
• Connecting rod.
• Connecting bar.
• Ratchet wheel.
There is a dead wt. at one end of the mechanism which causes the vertical shaft to rotate. They are connected through a chain. There is a rack driving wheel connected to the vertical shaft. The rack is behind the rack driving wheel. The motion of vertical shaft causes the rack driving wheel to rotate. If rack wheel rotate in the clockwise direction, it cause the rack to move in the left side. The be of cone drum is connected with the rack through a connecting rod. The left side movement of rack causes the belt to move to the left, thus reducing bobbin speed with its increasing dia.

The rack driving wheel moves in the anticlockwise direction then rack will move to the right causes the belt to move to the right. The rotation of vertical shaft is controlled by ratchet wheel. The movement of vertical shaft may be continuous due to dead weight. But ratchet wheel controls its movement. The ratchet wheel makes a 0.5 inch movement after completing winding of one layer of roving on the bobbin. As vertical shaft is connected with ratchet wheel it cannot move continuously. Again the amount of shifting of belt depends upon roving thickness i.e. on roving count. The amount of shifting of belt is controlled by replacement of ratchet wheel on by substitution of change wheels. When the bobbin is fully wound the belt must be moved back to its starting point. Today it is usually done automatically.

2) To traverse the bobbin rail:

Second function of the building mechanism is to traverse the bobbin rail. If the bobbin does not traverse the roving will wind in only one position thus making the package unstable. So to wind roving on to full length of bobbin it requires traversing motion of bobbin rail. It is done by the above mechanism.

In this mechanism the following parts are available.
• Rack driving wheel.
• Rack
• Lifter change pinion.
• Double bevel.
• Fixed bevel.
• Bobbin rail driving shaft.
• Connecting rod.
The connecting rod gets traversing motion from building mechanism. Double bevel is on the connecting rod. During the motion of the connecting rod when the left bevel comes in contact with the fixed bevel it gets motion from the fixed bevel. The fixed bevel has a definite direction of movement. If it moves in anti clockwise direction the left bevel will move in clockwise direction. Through gear train bobbin rail driving shaft will also move in clockwise direction. The rack driving

Wheel which is on it will also move in clockwise direction. Thus causing the rack to move in downward direction. Again when right bevel comes in contact with fixed bevel it will move in anti-clock wise direction. Through gear train the bobbin rail driving shaft will also move in anti-clock wise direction. So the rack will move in upward direction. In this way traversing of bobbin rail occurred.

Conclusion:

The function of building mechanism of the speed frame is to transfer the cone drum belt and to traverse the bobbin rail. By this practical we learn about the building mechanism of speed frame practically. Special thanks to our teacher and his assistance for helping us.