Analysis of Diapers Woven Fabric

EXPERIMENT NAME : Analysis of Diapers woven fabric.

OBJECT :

1. For reproduction.
2. To keep clear conception about fabric structure.
3. To make comments on fabric properties.
4. For fabric specification.
5. To help in criminal case by studying fabric structure.
6. To know the raw material of fabrics.
7. To help in custom inspection.

SAMPLE : 
A piece of diaper fabric.

APPARATUS :

1. Counting glass.

2. Needle.
3. Blade.
4. Scissors.
5. Twist tester.
6. Beesley’s balance.
7. Template.
8. Balance & Wt. Box.

Face & Back Side:

As the cloth is constructed with twill fabric construction, face & back side is not same. Face side is smooth and glassy appearance then back side appearance.

Warp & Weft direction: 
Direction of both warp & weft are indicated by arrow mark has been shown in the sample, selvedge direction is always warp direction & warp direction is more straight and parallel. But weft direction is less straight and parallel. No. of yarn in warp direction is more then weft direction.

Thread Density: 

No. of observation
EPI
Avg. EPI
PPI
Avg. PPI
1
45


45
41


41


2
46
40
3
45
41
4
46
41
5
44
40

Thread count:

No. of observation
Warp count
Avg. Warp count
Weft count
Avg. Weft count
1
21


21


21


21
2
21
21
3
20
20
4
21
22
5
19
21

Twist per inch:
No twist in warp direction or weft direction.
Yarn designation:
For warp : 21 Ne
For weft : 21 Ne

Fabric representation: =    Warp count × Weft count× Fabric width
                                                             EPI × PPI
                                               =  21 × 21 ×  fabric width
                                                     45 × 41
Design of the fabric :
As the given, sample is diaper design fabric. Its design will be 24 X 24 diamond.
 
GSM (gram per Sq. meter) :
Weight of fabric taken from GSM Cutter = 1.3 gm
1 m2 sample’s weight = 130 gm
GSM = 130

Fabric Raw Material : 
Warp : Cotton
Weft : Cotton

Formula number : diaper 24 X 24

Type of loom : jacquard loom..

END USE:

i) In decorated fabric.

ii) In Shirt fabric.
iii) In Table cloth.
iv) In Screens.
v) On ornamented design.
vi) In design fabric.

PRECAUTION:

i) Ends per inch & picks per inch should be determined carefully.

ii) Beasley’s balance for count & balance for G.S.M should be adjusted before determination.
iii) Warp &weft direction, face &back side, drafting plan, weave plan & lifting plan should be done carefully.

CONCLUSION:

Special thanks to our teacher & her assistance for taught us carefully. This experiment is one of the important experiment for a textile technologist .By this experiment we can learn about the different parameters of the diaper fabric. But with those condition we take all the measure as much as accurate.


0 comments:

Comment here

Textile Learner is the largest Textile Blog over the net. It is an ultimate reference for textile students. It describes textile articles in comprehensive. It also supplies news on latest textile technology, educational institute news of the world.