Agro Textiles | General Property Requirement of Agrotextiles | Fibers Used for Agro-Textiles | Application of Agro Textiles

Agro Textile:
Agro textiles are now days extensively being used in horticulture, farming and other agricultural activities. Agriculture and textiles are the largest industries in the world providing basic needs such as food and clothing.The usage of agro textiles will be benefited in terms of products with enhanced quality, higher yields fewer damages and bearable losses. It also permits as to use lower quantities of weed killers and pesticides.
Soil cover fabric

Agriculture has been amongst the most primal occupations of the humankind and is still a major industry, globally. In this era of modernization and high technological advancements, it has spread its horizons and started using man-made, non-conventional textiles, called “technical textiles”.

Fibers Used for Agro Textiles:
There is use of synthetics as well as natural fibers in agro textiles. Fibers used in agro textiles are as follows:
• Nylon
• Polyester
• Polyethylene
• Polyolefin
• Polypropylene
• Jute
• Wool

Among all these fibers the Polyolefin is extensively used where as among natural jute and wool is used it not only serve the purpose but also after some year it degrades and act as the natural fertilizer.

General Property Requirement of Agrotextiles:
The properties required for agro textiles are:
Weather resistance- It must work effectively in cold as well as hot climatic conditions
Resistance to microorganisms-It must resistant to microorganism to protect the living being
Stable construction- The construction must be such that it must be stable for any application
Lightweight- The weight of the fabric should be such that it will bare by the plant.

Some of the purposes for which these textiles are being increasingly used are as follows:

  1. Preventing erosion and paving way for afforestation
  2. In greenhouse cover and fishing nets
  3. For Layer separation in fields
  4. In Nets for plants, rootless plants & protecting grassy areas
  5. As sun screens (since they have adjustable screening)and wind shields
  6. As packing material and in bags for storing grass (that has been mowed)
  7. Controlling stretch in knitted nets
  8. Shade for basins
  9. Anti-birds nets
  10. Fabrics for sifting and separation, for the phases of enlargement of the larvae
  11. Materials for ground and plant water management at the time of scarcity and abundance of water.
Some Important Uses of Agrotextiles are given below in Details: 

Hail protection: 
Hail protection fabrics helps shield vines from the fruit damage and defoliation associated with hail yet still lets through plenty of sunlight.

Wind protection Fabrics: 
Trees that are protected from wind are generally healthier, reach full growth more rapidly, and have higher yield. Wind Break Fabrics protect crops from wind and, in some cases, orchard temperatures can be increased by reducing wind speed.

Soil Covers or landscape Covers or Weed protection fabrics:
The relevant parameters for an agro textile, used as soil cover, will be determined based on laboratory tests and field experiments.

Shade Fabrics:
  1. Shade fabric absorbing 90% of sunlight.
  2. It is made from 100% polypropylene monofilament strands.
  3. It is UV stabilized to hold up under the most extreme solar conditions.
  4. It can be used for a variety of applications: wind and privacy screen, shading for sports
    and recreation.
  5. Knitted Sunshade cloth is made from 100% UV stabilized polyethylene.
  6. Its unique lock stitch construction allows customers the ability to cut the fabric with scissors without further unraveling.
Insect Repellent Fabrics:
Various pests like Whitefly, scale insects attack some ornamental plants and vegetables frequently. The fabrics of such kind are stretched across the open-air plantations so that the pests can no longer get to the plants and also the climate will not be disturbed in any way.

Temperature Controlled Fabrics: 
  1. Temperature Control fabric is a nonwoven, spun bonded polyester fabric designed to protect crops from cold, frost, insects and a variety of adverse environmental factors.
  2. Temperature Control fabric helps captures heat on sunny days and retains heat radiating from the ground at night. 
  3. This aids in protecting sensitive ornamentals, nursery stock and foliage 24 hours a day.
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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