Melamine Fiber | Properties of Melamine Fiber | Manufacturing Process of Melamine Fiber | Applications of Melamine Fiber | Uses of Melamine Fiber

Melamine Fiber
Melamine fiber is a manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is a synthetic polymer composed of at least 50% by weight of a cross-linked melamine polymer. Melamine fiber is a cost effective heat resistant fiber based on melamine chemistry, with a 400°F (200°C) continuous operating temperature. Melamine fibers are flame resistant, have outstanding heat/dimensional stability, and are self-extinguishing. EFT’s WF series of melamine fibers have a fiber length distribution tailored for use in wet-laid nonwovens. Typical fiber lengths are in the 1-12mm range, and they show excellent dispersion and formation in wet-laid processes.

Flame Resistance of Melamine Fiber 
Melamine fiber test
Characteristics of Melamine Fiber
  • Chars without shrinking
  • Naturally flame retardant
  • Low thermal conductivity
  • Non-toxic / No VOC release
  • White and dyeable
  • Flame resistance and low thermal conductivity
  • High heat dimensional stability
  • Processable on standard textile equipment
Typical Properties of Melamine Fiber
Measurement
Units
Typical Values
Color

Ivory white
Average Diameter
┬Ám
15
Average Denier
g/9000m
2.4
Specific Gravity

1.4
Tensile Strength
ksi
36
Tenacity
g/den
2.0
Modulus
Msi
g/den
1.0
55
Elongation at Break
%
11
Moisture Regain (23°C, 65% RH)
%
5
Shrinkage at 200°C (1hr exposure)
%
<1
Limiting Oxygen Index
%
32
Maximum Continuous Operating Temperature
°C
200
Melting Temperature
°C
Does not melt or drip
Resistance to Mildew, Aging, Sunlight

Excellent
Resistance to Solvents, Alkalis

Excellent
 
Production Process of Melamine Fiber
The production process is proprietary. It is based on a unique melamine chemistry that results in a cross-linked, non-thermoplastic polymer of melamine units joined by methylene and dimethylene ether linkages. In the polymerization reaction, methylol derivatives of melamine react with each other to form a three-dimensional structure. This structure is the basis for the fiber's heat stability, solvent resistance, and flame resistance.

Applications of Melamine Fiber
  1. Mattresses, Home Furnishings / Nonwovens
  2. (Compliant with 16CFR1633)
  3. Specialty flame resistant papers
  4. Firefighting apparel
  5. Electrical papers
  6. Transmission / friction papers
  7. Filtration media
  8. Engineered materials / Short-fiber composites
  9. Adhesives / Fillers
  10. Tire sealants
  11. Truck / Rail brakes
Besides Melamine fiber has Potential use which are given below :
  • Fire Blocking Fabrics: Aircraft seating, fire blockers for upholstered furniture in high-risk occupancies (e.g., to meet California TB 133 requirements)
  • Protective Clothing: Firefighters' turnout gear, insulating thermal liners, knit hoods, molten metal splash apparel, heat resistant gloves.
  • Filter Media: High capacity, high efficiency, high temperature baghouse air filters.
Sharing Knowledge: Students and professionals can publish your article here. It is a platform to express your knowledge throughout the world. For details, visit: Submit Article

Editor-in-Chief:

Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.


Let's Get Connected: LinkedIn | Facebook | Google Plus

Back To Top