Chronological Development of Loom | Historical Development of Loom

Loom:
Loom is a machine for weaving fabric by interlacing a series of vertical, parallel threads (the warp) with a series of horizontal, parallel threads (the filling). The warp yarns from a beam pass through the heddles and reed, and the filling is shot through the “shed” of warp threads by means of a shuttle or other device and is settled in place by the reed and lay. The woven fabric is then wound on a cloth beam.
Power Loom
The primary distinction between different types of looms is the manner of filling insertion . The principal elements of any type of loom are the shedding, picking, and beating-up devices. In shedding, a path is formed for the filling by raising some warp threads while others are left down. Picking consists essentially of projecting the filling yarn from one side of the loom to the other. Beating-up forces the pick, that has just been left in the shed, up to the fell of the fabric. This is accomplished by the reed, which is brought forward with some force by the lay.

Chronological Development of Loom:
The today’s modern loom has not yet come automatically. After passing a long period modern loom has been invented. The process of developing the loom is still running. 8000 years back, linen fabric is found at Egypt. 4000 years back, silk fabric produce in China. 
 
Loom development:
1. Up right Vertical Frame
2. Shed Stick Weaving
3. Primitive Loom 
  • Pit Loom 
  • Through Shuttle Loom.
4. Fly Shuttle Loom-This was invented by the Jhon K. Burrey
5. Semi Automatic Loom. 
  • Chittarangon Loom 
  • Hattersely Loom.
6. Ordinary Power Loom
7. Automatic Power Loom- it was invented in 1890 to 1899 Christ.
8. Shuttle-less or Modern Loom-Shuttle less or Modern Loom was invented in 1960. 

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